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The first constitution of Hurmu was written as post 1 at the Hurmu forums the 8th of January 2003. It contains blah blah blah, but with some sense of Hurmu humour, such as extradiction to Baracão, and that no person may ever give up their citizenship in Hurmu. Of course these laws were repealed after the Treaties with Menelmacar, followed by the treaty with Cranda, which in turn was followed by the treaty with Arminy - making Hurmu a state of Arminy. But it is still effective for crimes committed in Hurmu during the time the constitution was effective.

 

Chapter I State Definition

 

Article 1 State People (Citzenship, Language)

 

(1) Citizens of the Hurmu Republik are all humans who are children of a citizen of the Hurmu Republik, who are born in the Territory of the Hurmu Republik, or who are naturalized.

(2) The official language in the State is the Hurmu English.

 

Article 2 State Form

 

(1) This State is a secular, sovereign, and democratic republic. All entities of the State must yield to these principles.

(2) This Constitution is the supreme law of the land; it is directly binding on all State authority. The general rules of public international law constitute an integral, inviolable part of the national law.

Article 3 State Symbols, Capital

 

(1) The capital is Lyrica City located in the Region of Lyrica

 

Article 4 General Constitutional Objectives

 

(1) The State promotes justice and universal protection of human rights as individual rights. The State encourages fraternity among its citizens by establishing solidarity, general welfare, and national unity.

(2) The State acknowledges the right of the People to national autonomy and self-determination, and the right of minorities to group autonomy.

(3) The State promotes:

(a) public health care;

(cool.gif education and schooling;

© schemes for social welfare;

(d) preservation and development of arts

(e) preservation and maintenance of historical objects;

(f) environmental protection, intergenerational equity, and the protection of nature for its intrinsic value including the protection of nature's right;

(g) natural and social sciences.

 

Article 5 State Security

 

(1) The State promotes worldwide peace.

(2) The State takes adequate measures to preserve its integrity even in the state of war or civil war.

(3) The State protects the People against terrorism, extremism, and catastrophes.

 

Chapter III State Organization

 

Part I General Organization

 

Article 6 Elections

 

(1) Absent of special provisions, elections are universal, direct, free, equal, and secret.

(2) Elections are always free and equal.

(3) Elections are always secret if a person eligible to vote or be elected so demands.

(4) Elected representatives are only bound by their conscience. They are servants of all, not only of their constituents.

 

Article 7 Organizational Principles

 

(1) The State separates executive, legislative, and adjudicative powers. Offices in different powers are incompatible with each other (horizontal imcompatibility). Offices in national entities are incompatible with any public office on a lower level (vertical incompatibility) and with any other salaried office, private or public (economic incompatibility). Political offices are incompatible with active duty in the armed forces (military incompatibility).

(2) The State acknowledges national, regional, and local autonomy.

(3) Autonomy is bound to the principle of democratic organization.

 

Article 8 Decentralization, Mutual Assistance

 

(1) State powers belong to the Regions if not assigned to the national entities by this Constitution.

(2) The Regions are bound to convey powers to the Communes if adequate use of those powers is possible on the local level (self-government).

(3) All powers of the State have to render each other legal and administrative assistance.

 

Article 9 Regional Council

 

(1) The regions of Lyrica and North Hurmu are represented in the Regional Council.

(2) The Regional Council consists of 2 members. Each region is represented in proportion to its share of citizens eligible to vote; at least by two members.

(3) Members of the Regional Council serve for a term of four years; they may be re-elected once.

(4) Every four years, the regions replace its members.

 

Article 10 National Powers

 

(1) State powers belong to the national entities for the following subject matters:

a) state defence,

cool.gif foreign relations,

c) economic regulations,

d) infrastructure and traffic,

e) taxation,

f) solidarity systems,

g) private, criminal, and procedural law,

h) educational and other standards,

i) and all other subject matters which by their very nature or as a corollary to the subjects listed have to be centralized on the national level.

(2) The State may give up sovereign powers to international or supranational bodies, including systems of mutual collective security and trade organisations, as long as it retains an adequate representation in those bodies and those bodies guarantee sufficient legal protection for the Citizens.

 

Part II Representation of the State

 

Article 11 Head of State

 

(1) The President is the head of state. He or she has the right of pardon, to conduct foreign affairs, and to all other representative functions of the State.

(2) The President is elected by the Hurmu Parliament with precedence over all other business.

(3) Every resident citizen with the right to vote who has attained the age of fifteen is eligible for the office of President.

(4) Before taking office, Presidents take the following Oath or Affirmation: "I do solemnly affirm that I will faithfully execute this office, honoring and protecting the Constitution of the State."

(5) The President shall not be held accountable for actions performed in the exercise of his office except in the case of high treason, may be indicted only by the Hurmu Parliament, and shall be tried only by the Supreme Court.

 

Part III Executive Power

 

Article 12 National Government, President

 

(1) The executive power of the State is vested in the national Government. It includes diplomatic affairs.

(2) The President is the head of the National Government. The President freely chooses the National Ministers.

(3) The President is Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.

(4) The President has a rigth to veto all decisions by the Parliament and the Regional Council.

 

Article 13 Impeachement

 

An impeachement of the President by the Regional Council takes the form of a new presidential election.

 

Article 14 Regional Equalization of Finances

 

The State provides for an overall equalization of finances, giving due consideration to the regions' repective debts, burdens, economic power, and infrastructural responsibilities.

 

Part IV Legislative Power

 

Article 15 Hurmu Parliament

 

(1) The legislative power is vested in the Hurmu Parliament.

(2) The Hurmu Parliament consists of all citizens.

(3) Everyone eligible to vote has recourse to the Supreme Court for scrutiny of the elections.

(4) The Hurmu parliament draws up its own rules of procedures and elects a parliamentary president and the Regional Council, which is the upper house.

(5) Decisions of the National Parliament require a majority of the votes cast (simple majority) unless this Constitution provides otherwise.

 

Article 16 Rights of Members of the Regional Council

 

(1) Members of Parliament are only bound by their consience

(2) Members of Parliament may not be subjected to court proceedings or disciplinary action for a vote cast or a statement made by them in the National Parliament or in any of its committees (Indemnity).

(3) Members of Parliament may not be called to account or be arrested except by permission of the National Parliament (Immunity).

(4) Members of Parliament are entitled to adequate remuneration ensuring their independence. The remuneration may not be altered for the present term.

 

Article 17 Lawmaking Process

 

(1) Bills can specify the additional requirement of a public referendum after they have been voted upon.

(2) The Regional Council has to be informed immediately of any bill introduced. Members of the Regional Council have the right to be heard during sessions according to the same rules as govern the participation of Members of Parliament.

(3) Laws altering this Constitution require two thirds of the votes cast (qualified majority), at least the votes of a majority of the Members of Parliament (absolute majority) and the bellsing of the President. All laws are void if they are unconstitutional.

(4) Laws have to specify their effective date. They are countersigned without scrutiny by the Parliamentary President and promulgated in the Official National Publication.

(5) Bills can be submitted to a referendum if provided by parliamentary decision or as part of the initiative.

 

Article 18 Budget

 

(1) The bill for the yearly budget law is introduced by the President.

(2) Budget laws are not subjected to referendums.

 

Article 19 Treaties

 

(1) The President signs treaties with other states.

(2) The legislative power of the National Parliament includes the power to ratify treaties with other states.

(3) Treaties not ratified within six months have to be revoked by the President.

 

Article 20 National Ordinances

 

(1) Laws may empower National Ministers to adopt National Ordinances regarding a specified subject matter.

(2) National Ordinances do not require ratification by Parliament.

 

Article 21 State of Emergency

 

(1) In cases of grave and immediate threat to the existence of the State, the President may take necessary measures of defence.

 

Article 22 Ombudsman

 

The parliamentary Ombudsman safeguards fundamental rights and liberties and controls the compliance of all state powers with the provisions of this Constitution.

 

Part V Adjudicative Power

 

Article 23 Courts

 

(1) The adjudicative power is vested in courts.

(2) Judges are citizens elected by the parliament. Their office ends at time of retirement or when they lose their electoral rights.

 

Article 24 Supreme Court

 

(1) The Supreme Court decides issues involving this Constitution. In particular, the Supreme Court has jurisdiction over:

a) disputes between state entities concerning their respective rights and duties under this Constitution;

cool.gif challenges of a national or regional entity, a Court in the course of its determination, or a third of the Members of Parliament against the constitutionality of a law;

c) claims of individuals regarding violations of their constitutional rights;

d) popular complaints about the violation of fundamental rights;

e) challenges of an act of a state power by the Ombudsman;

f) cases on appeal from National Courts as the Supreme Court deems necessary to review;

g) all other cases assigned to its jurisdiction by law.

(2) Decisions of the supreme court are directly binding for all entities of the State.

(3) The office of Supreme Court Justices does not exceed a period of 15 years.

 

Article 25 National Courts

 

(1) National courts have supreme jurisdiction over review and other matters assigned to it by law.

(2) Separate national courts shall be established for private law, penal law, and general public law.

(3) The supreme court decides by extraordinary review in cases of inconsistent application of the law by different national courts.

 

Chapter IV Fundamental Rights

 

Part I General Provisions

 

Article 26 Human Rights

 

(1) The State acknowledges liberty and equality of all humans.

(2) Human dignity must be respected in any case.

(3) Everyone is free to do or not to do whatever he or she chooses. Everyone is responsible for acts freely chosen.

(4) Slavery is abolished.

 

Article 27 Applicability

 

(1) Fundamental rights apply to natural persons, domestic and foreign, who are assigned these rights. They apply to legal persons, domestic and foreign, where, and to the extent that, the nature of the rights permits.

(2) Fundamental rights are inviolable and inalienable. They include the freedom not to make use of them (negative

freedom). Their exercise may, in single instances, be waved by free and responsible declaration of the rightholder, but such declaration is never binding for future instances.

 

Part II Liberties and Property

 

Section I Integrity

 

Article 28 Personal Integrity

 

(1) Everyone has the right to life and bodily integrity.

(2) Everyone has the right to remain free (personal freedom).

(3) All citizens are free to reside anywhere in, move throughout, enter, and leave the Territory.

(4) Capital and corporal punishment are abolished.

(5) Torture is prohibited.

 

Article 29 Property Integrity and Related Rights

 

(1) Everyone has the right to acquire, own, possess, exclusively use, and convey private property.

(2) Property may not be taken without due compensation.

 

Article 30 Right to Testify and Inherit

 

Everyone has the right to testify and inherit.

 

Section II Religious Freedom

 

Article 31 Freedom of Religion and Belief

 

(1) Everyone has the right to choose and practice his or her religion, creed, conscience, faith, confession, and belief.

(2) Everyone can refuse to give religious instructions.

(3) Everyone can, on the basis of conscience, refuse to serve in armed forces.

 

Section III Freedom of Communication

 

Article 32 Freedom of Expression and Information

 

(1) Everyone has the right to freely express and disseminate his or her opinions.

(2) The Freedom of the press and other media is guaranteed.

(3) Everyone has the right to freely retrieve information from publicly available sources.

(4) Censorship is abolished.

 

Article 33 Right to Assemble and Associate

 

(1) Everyone has the right to peacefully assemble.

(2) Everyone has the right to associate with others. This includes association in political parties.

(3) Every adult has the right to marry one partner.

 

Article 34 Right to Privacy

 

(1) Everyone has the right to privacy.

(2) The home is inviolable.

(3) The privacy of letters as well as the secrecy of mail and telecommunication are inviolable.

 

Section IV Freedom of Profession and Activities

 

Article 35 Freedom of Profession

 

(1) All citizens have the right to freely choose their occupation, their place of work, and their place of study or training.

(2) There is no duty to work. Forced labor is prohibited.

 

Article 36 Freedom of Research, Science, and Teaching

 

(1) Everyone has the right to research and conduct science.

(2) Everyone has the right to perform arts.

(3) Everyone has the right to teach and to found private schools.

 

Section V Political Rights

 

Article 37 Electoral Rights

 

(1) All resident adults have the equal right to vote and to be elected. In national elections, only citizens have this right.

(2) There is no compulsory voting.

(3) Anyone who has attained the age of eighteen years is an adult.

 

Article 38 Right to Petition

 

Everyone has the right to address written petitions to the competent agencies, to governments, and to parliaments.

 

Article 39 Freedom of Citizenship

 

(1) Citizens can at no time give up their citizenship.

(2) Citizens may at no time be forced to give up their citizenship.

 

Article 40 Right to Self-Determination and Resistance

 

(1) Everyone has the right to collective self-determination including the right to decide about membership in regional or local entities. The State guarantees these rights through adequate powers of decentralized regional and local governments.

(2) All citizens have the right to civil disobedience and resistance against attempts to abolish this constitutional order, should no other remedy be available.

 

Article 41 Right to Found Political Parties

 

(1) Everyone has the right to found political parties respecting the principles of secularity, sovereignty, and democracy.

(2) Everyone is free to carry on politcal activities in or with such parties.

 

Section VI Other Liberties

 

Article 42 Freedom of Procreation and Childrearing

 

(1) Everyone has the right to procreation.

(2) Parents have the right to bringing up and educating their children. They have the right to decide about their children's participation in religious instructions.

 

Part III Equality

Article 43 Equality

 

(1) All humans are equal before the law (general equality), exept the president who has full immunity during his term.

(2) Matrimonial equality and legitimacy equality are guaranteed.

(3) All citizens are equally eligible for public office according to their professional aptitude.

 

Article 44 Prohibition of Discrimination and Privileges

 

(1) No person may be discriminated against or privileged on the basis of sex, gender, origin, race, language, origin, parentage, creed, faith, or nobility.

(2) Measures for the advancement of persons are admissible to remedy past discrimination (affirmative action).

 

Article 45 Abolishment of Nobility

 

No title of nobility is granted by the State. Titles of nobility are no longer part of the family name. Foreign nationals may use their titles of nobility within Hurmu.

 

Part IV Right to Protection

 

Article 46 Special Protection

 

(1) Protection of human dignity is a duty of the State.

(2) The institution of marriage has the special protection of the State.

(3) Families, mothers, and minors have the special protection of the State.

(4) Everyone persecuted on political grounds has the right to asylum.

 

Part V Welfare Rights

 

Article 47 Special Support

 

(1) Everyone has the right to lifelihood, health care, shelter, and education.

(2) Mothers have the special support of the State.

 

Part VI Procedural Rights

 

Article 48 Access to courts

 

(1) Everyone has free recourse to the courts.

(2) Everyone has the right to a constitutional judge. Extraordinary courts are not allowed.

(3) Persons and groups have recourse to the court acting for other rightholders not being in a position to seek relief in their own name (third party standing).

 

Article 49 Fair Trial

 

(1) Everyone has the right to a fair trial. Evidence obtained illegally is inadmissible. Everyone has the right of access to all state information required for the exercise or protection of any of his or her rights (file access).

(2) Everyone has the right to trial by jury.

(3) No one may be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.

(4) No law shall be passed stipulating regulations of the past without due compensation for all losses (ex post facto law).

 

Article 50 Criminal Justice

 

(1) No act may be punished unless it constituted a criminal offence under the law before having been committed (nulla poena sine lege). No one may be punished for the same act more than once (double jeopardy).

(2) Only judges may indict or subpoena persons or issue warrants for arrest, search, or seizure.

(3) Everyone accused or arrested enjoys the right

(a) to a speedy and public trial,

(cool.gif to be presumed innocent until proven guilty,

© not to be a witness against himself,

(d) promptly to be informed about the reason of accusation or detention and about the right to be silent (Miranda rights),

(e) to counsel for defence,

(f) to communicate with next-of-kin, partner, and legal, medical, and religious counsellor,

(g) to be released no later than 24 hours after the arrest if not further detended after court hearing, and

(h) to redress in case of false imprisonment.

 

Article 51 Prohibition of Extradition

 

No citizen may be extradited to a foreign country, except for the president. If 90% of the Parliamement and Regional Council are in favor of extrading the President to a foreign country, he will be moved to Ciudad de Howard in the Republic of Baracão.

 

Chapter V Individual Restrictions

 

Part I General Provisions

 

Article 52 Admissible Restrictions

 

(1) The State can apply restrictions on individual rights only for the purpose of protecting individual rights of other persons or furthering other state interests explicitly mentioned in this Constitution (constitutional interest).

(2) Any restriction on individual rights must be competent and narrowly tailored to further the constitutional interest. Such restriction must be an adequate means to achieve the purpose of furthering the constitutional interest. In no case may the essence of a fundamental right be infringed.

(3) Any restriction must apply generally and not solely to an individual case.

 

Article 53 Special Restrictions

 

(1) Possession and use of drugs resulting in strong and imminent danger for the general public is prohibited.

(2) Possession and use of firearms and other weapons without a permit is prohibited.

 

Part II Duties

 

Article 54 General Duties

 

(1) Parents have the duty to rear and educate their minor children.

(2) Adults have the duty to support and assist their parents if they are in need.

(3) Parents and children have the duty to ensure that minors attend public schools or equivalent institutions (compulsory schooling). Vocational schools and certified private schools are equivalent to public schools.

 

Article 55 Civil Service

 

(1) Every citizen of age serves one week in the Armed Forces, in the unarmed civil services, or in equivalent non-profit services.

(2) Whoever is unable to serve is liable to compensate the community.

 

Part III Burdens

 

Article 56 Taxation

 

(1) The State levies taxes from the citizens.

(2) The State levies taxes throughout the Territory.

 

Article 57 Mandatory Insurance

 

The State establishes the requirements for mandatory insurance.

 

Part IV State Monopolies

 

Article 58 Monopolies on objects

 

No one but the State may own heavy weapons or ultra-hazardous material.

 

Article 59 Monopolies on activities

 

(1) No one but the State may coin or print money.

(2) The State retains the monopoly on mail and telecommunication networks.

 

Part V Forfeiture of Fundamental Rights

 

Article 60 Forfeiture of Rights

 

(1) Persons and political parties who abuse fundamental rights in order to combat the free democratic basic order forfeit these rights.

(2) Such forfeiture and the extent thereof is determined by the Supreme Court.

 

Article 61 Deprivation of Electoral Rights

 

By final court order, the right to vote and to be elected can, partially or at large, temporarily or unlimited, be suspended if an adult

a) has not the requisite mental capacity for any legal responsibility or

cool.gif has irrevocably been sentenced to at least one year of imprisonment.

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TREATY WITH MENELMACAR

 

This treaty was in effect Hurmu's constitution when Hurmu was a Menelmacari state.

 

PREAMBLE

 

We, the peoples of Hurmu determined,

 

to save Hurmu’s unique culture and way of living for succeeding generations

to affirm that Hurmu has no chance of survival as a sovereign entity

to promote a better living for those whom consider themselves to be of Hurmu

 

And for these ends,

 

To practice peace and the Hurmu way of living

To ensure our cultural and identical survival

To cede Hurmu Republik to the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar

 

Have resolved to accomplish these aims,

 

Accordingly, the respective Governments of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar and the Hurmu Republik have been assembled in the city of [] have agreed to dissolve the sovereign entity of the Hurmu Republik and cede everything of Hurmu ownership to the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar

 

ARTICLE ONE

 

The purposes of the ceding are:

 

To preserve the Hurmu way of living and culture

To achieve co-operation with all peoples concerning the Hurmu way of Living

 

ARTICLE TWO

 

The Republican Imperium of Menelmacar act in accordance with the following principles:

 

That the Hurmu Republik shall be an equal member-state of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar.

That the Hurmu Republik, in order to ensure its people the rights and benefits resulting from being a part of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar, shall fulfil in good faith the obligations of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar.

That the Hurmu Republik will cede all its territory and its resources to the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar.

That the Hurmu Republik shall give the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar any assistance required by them.

That the Hurmu Republik acts accordingly to the Constitution of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar.

 

ARTICLE THREE

 

By this document, the Constitution of the Hurmu Republik will cease to exist. The Constitution of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar will act as Constitution of the Hurmu Republik. The Head of State of the Hurmu Republik shall be the Elentari (female) or the Elenaran (male). Throughout the document the office will simply be referred as Elentari

The Head of Government of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar will not be the Head of Government of the special entity of Hurmu. A governor, appointed by the Government of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar, shall be the Head of Government of the Hurmu Republik.

Hurmu’s defensive, security and foreign affairs shall be conducted by the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar. This applied to the Ministry of Migration and Integration which shall be controlled my the Imperial Prefecture of Immigration.

The Elentari will be the Supreme Commander of the Hurmu Armed Forces. The Elentari together with the Governor is also empowered to issue decrees directly.

 

ARTICLE FOUR

 

The Hurmu Parlerment shall remain as the legislative body of the new entity of Hurmu. Wherever conflict exists between laws issued by the Parlerment and Laws of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar, the laws of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar will take precedence. Each Bill motioned by a citizen of Hurmu will be voted on by a regional referendum. The Parlerment shall adopt its own way of procedure.

 

ARTICLE FIVE

 

The Hurmu Republik will, after been ceded to the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar, be known as Hurmu.

 

ARTICLE SIX

 

Hurmu agrees to accept and carry out the decisions of the Hurmu Parlerment and the Conclave of Equals, in accordance of this document and the constitution of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar.

 

ARTICLE SEVEN

 

Anyone who applies for citizenship in Hurmu, after the date of April 1st, 2003, will be directed to send their application to the Imperium of Menelmacar. All future citizenships, in hurmu, will be handled exclusively by the Menelmacari Prefect of Immigration.

 

ARTICLE EIGHT

 

The Governor of Hurmu shall have the right to appoint a cabinet to assist him/her in the day-today businesses of Hurmu. The Governor must either be a Hurmu citizen or an Imperial Menelmacari one.

 

ARTICLE NINE

 

The Juridical businesses of Hurmu shall be conducted by the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar.

 

ARTICLE TEN

 

Shall the sole businesses of Hurmu be interfered, the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar will take any means necessary to protect Hurmu from interference.

 

ARTICLE ELEVEN

 

The Hurmu way of living and culture must be preserved by the Imperial Republic of Menelmacar. This shall not be violated. Shall it be violated, Hurmu will consult its citizens for a possible solution.

 

ARTICLE TWELVE

 

The Government of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar shall be kept informed by the Hurmu Government on the Hurmu businesses.

 

ARTICLE THIRTEEN

With view to the conditions of stability and well being of the people of Hurmu, the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar shall in Hurmu try to promote:

 

Higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development;

Solutions of economic, social, health and Hurmu cultural problems

Universal respect for the Rights of all Peoples and the fundamental rights for all without distinction of race, sex, language and religion.

 

ARTICLE FOURTEEN

 

Hurmu pledge themselves to take joint co-operation in any of the projects The Republican Imperium of Menelmacar is a part of. The duties of Hurmu, internationally, shall be taken over by the Imperial Prefecture of State.

 

ARTICLE FIFTEEN

 

The Republican Imperium of Menelmacar agrees to in Hurmu:

 

Ensure, with due respect for the culture of the peoples concerned, their political, economic, social, and educational advancement, their just treatment, and their protection against abuses.

Develop self-government, to take due account of the political aspirations of the peoples, and to assist them in the progressive development of their free political institutions, according to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and their varying stages of advancement;

Promote constructive measures of development, to encourage research, and to co-operate with one another and, when and where appropriate, with specialised international bodies with a view to the practical achievement of the social, economic, and scientific purposes set forth in this Article

 

ARTICLE SIXTEEN

 

This document comes valid after signed by the respective governments of the Hurmu Republik and the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar.

 

IN FAITH WHEREOF, the representatives of the Governments of the Republican Imperium of Menelmacar and the Hurmu Republik:

 

Done at the city of Caras Menelmacar, the 14 day of March, In the year of Our Lord, two thousand and three.

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When Menelmacar collapsed, Hurmu decided to become a Crandish protectorate, something which was accomplished by a new treaty. Hurmu's internal structure remained and was governed in the same way as Hurmu was during the Menelmacari era.

 

Treaty of Hichanberg

 

A treaty between the Menelmacari Protectorate of the Hurmu Republik and the Küningik Krantisk Repüblik

 

Whereas it is the right of the Hurmu Republik to leave the possession of Menelmacar

And whereas many Hurmu wish to do so in favor of Crandish protectoratehood

 

Be it decided that;

 

1. The Hurmu Republik hereby secedes all its territory from the protection of the Imperium of Menelmacar.

 

2. The Hurmu Republik thereby cedes all its territory into the protection of the Küningik Krantisk Repüblik, under the following conditions;

-All Hurmu citizens are now Crandish citizens, but the protectorate may vote to secede itself from the Küningik Krantisk Repüblik at any time.

-The Protectorate may appoint its own governor.

-No Crandish military presence will be allowed on Hurmu soil, unless such a time comes when the Crandish military must repulse foreign invaders from Hurmu soil.

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When Cranda joined Arminy there were voices in Hurmu talking of independence from both Cranda and Arminy. The Arminians didn't like that idea, so they proposed to make Hurmu an equal state in the Arminian Community (later the United Kingdom of Arminy). The new state of Hurmu, her Lakes and Lands Overseas (as the state was called) had a very poorly written constitution which I won't publish here.

 

After a while Arminy began dying, so to save Arminy, Arminy was ceded to Shireroth where Hurmu was made a barony under the "Duchy of Arminy".

 

Later, Arminy declared independence as a sovereign nation called the Royal Crandish Republic with Hurmu as one of the states (the others being Upper Cranda, Northworthy and Stromblum) and the following constitution was enacted for Hurmu:

 

The Constitution of Hurmu.

 

To all and sundry to whom these presents shall come, greetings:

 

LET IT BE KNOWN that I, Harald Thorstein, The Prince of Hurmu, do hereby enact the following as law:

 

In the words of the ancient echo, of which our ancestors sang as they sat by the lakes of the lands of Hurmu, smiling at life and centring their eyes on peace and tranquillity; we affirm our willingness to save our children and their children for generations to come from the scourges of war and instead bring them a future of light, hope, and better living.

 

We hold that all children of Ash and Elm are each other equal and are each of the greatest value immeasurable, and that they all are endowed with indisputable freedoms and rights in accordance with our Brida and the ways of living of our people.

 

As such we believe in the Brida, the philosophy our people, which we will practise in harmony and solidarity with all nature and her inhabitants, with all peoples and nations, and with all lands and lakes.

 

And to these ends we embrace the laws of the land and declare our constitution for Hurmu:

 

Section 1 The Nation

 

1.

Hurmu is a free and indivisible Nation.

 

2.

The Nation shall ensure the protection, advancement and progression of the Nations traditions, legacy and culture, so that succeeding generations may take pleasure in and have the benefit of the ancient treasures of Hurmu and her people.

 

Section 2 The rights and freedoms

 

3.

No one shall ever be condemned to death, torture or degrading treatment.

 

4.

Everyone is equal before the law and shall without discrimination be entitled to equal protection of the law.

 

5.

Every person who is a Hurmudan shall have the equal right to participate in the governance of the Nation. No person who advocates, or who aids or belongs to an association which advocates the overthrow by force or violence of the government of Hurmu shall be qualified to hold any public office of trust or profit.

 

6.

Everyone has the right to be heard by public officers, and to propose laws.

 

7.

No one shall be held in slavery or involuntary servitude other than for the retribution of crime, of which he or she shall have been duly convicted by a court of law.

 

8.

Everyone has the right to peacefully enter Hurmu, and peacefully leave the land.

 

9.

Everyone has the right to protect his or her own private life.

 

10.

No person may be exiled from his or her home. A home is holy.

 

11.

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

 

12.

Everyone has the right to freedom of expression.

 

13.

Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful association.

 

14.

Everyone has the right to a fair trial.

 

15.

Everyone has the right to all the privileges that the Brida entails.

 

Section 3 Governance

 

16.

Hurmu is a principality whose leader is the Prince or the Princess. He or she leads and rules the Nation in accordance with all laws that the nation is subject to, including the Constitution. He or she has the right to decree in the scope of the law. A decree may be vetoed should the majority of the Hurmudan electorate disapprove it in a referendum.

 

17.

Referenda and other elections shall be fair, secret and without compulsion.

 

18.

Hurmu is divided into three districts: Lake District, Lontinia and the Eastern Heath. They may each produce their own laws to the extent acceptable by law.

 

19.

Hurmu may lease territories to nations foreign, but may at any time terminate such leases.

 

20.

The Constitution applies to all territories, persons and properties under the control or administration of Hurmu.

 

Section 4 Final provisions

 

21.

The Nation of Hurmu is an equal member state of the Royal Crandish Republic. Hurmu shall abide the Golden Bull. Hurmu shall abide the laws of Cranda to such extent possible under this Constitution and the Brida of the people.

 

22.

Hurmu has the right to unconditionally secede from Cranda through a 90% positive vote from the Hurmudan electorate.

 

23.

This Constitution may be changed through an overwhelming majority of the electorate agreeing to it.

 

24.

Hurmu will always live on.

 

 

Detta min villa eir ó min villa eir lá.

 

Given at the Princely Hall in Huyenkula under my hand and the Seal of Hurmu on the Two Thousand One Hundred and Seventy Third Day since the beginning of Time.

 

Árald Tórstein einum Seyurnas Velsinnelsi Hurmus Fursti.

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