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High King Harald

Act on the Court of the Realm of Year 13

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Law of Stormark
Act of the Althing

AN ACT TO MAKE ADDITIONAL PROVISION CONCERNING THE COURT OF THE REALM.

Most Gracious Sovereign Lord and Ruler of all the Lands Whatsoever Where Man Can Smell the Scent of Saline Waters or Hear the Sound of Crashing Waves,

WHEREAS the Law Chambers of the Lands of the Longships Throne throughout time have, when dispensing Your Imperial and Royal Majesty's Justice throughout the Twenty-Six Jarldoms in accordance with the ancient consuetudinary law known as Þingréttur, since time immemorial required a statutory set of rules to define certain of their inherent powers and privileges as well as regulate certain matters ancillary and incidental to the Administration of Your Justice;

AND WHEREAS we, Your Imperial and Royal Majesty's Most Faithful Jarls in the Althing assembled, have most joyously seen fit to endeavour to make supplementary statutory provisions for the Court of the Realm, our august Law Court of all of the High Realm and the whole of the Storish Nation, to support the judges thereof with their noble judicial functions;

NOW, THEREFORE, we, Your Imperial and Royal Majesty’s most dutiful and loyal Patricians, the Most Honourable Jarls of the High Realm in the Althing assembled, have freely and voluntarily resolved to create and establish these supplementary stipulations for the Court of the Realm by this Act of ours and through the provisions of the Act aforesaid define certain of the inherent powers and privileges of the Law Chambers as well as make arrangements for the aforementioned matters ancillary and incidental to the Administration of Your Justice throughout the High Realm, and we do most humbly beseech Your Imperial Valtian Viking Majesty that You may be graciously pleased to assent to and confirm as Law the following decision of Your Most Faithful Althingi Jarls:

Article 1: The Court of the Realm

The Court of the Realm, hereafter to be referred to in this Act as "the Court" or "the Law Chambers", is the Law Court of all of the High Realm and the whole of the Storish Nation. It shall be a Court of Record and shall have the power of Judicial Review, Legal Clarification, and Rules Intepretation. The Court shall have the power to issue Prerogrative Writs such as Writs of Duha Kroppen, Við Stjórn, Hvaða Valdi, Interdicts, and Lawburrows. Judgments of the Court which have become Ákvarðanir shall enjoy the stability of law.

Article 2: Tenure of Magistrates

The Law Speaker of the Althing, hereafter to be referred to in this Act as "the Law Speaker", shall hold office in accordance with the Althing Statute. The Chief Magistrate of the Magistrates' Tribunal, hereafter to be referred to in this Act as "the Chief Magistrate", shall hold office during good behaviour. Ad hoc Magistrates shall hold office for the duration of the proceeding they have been appointed for.

Article 3: Foreign Magistrates

The Law Speaker may, after consultation with the Chief Magistrate, draw up and keep a list of fit and proper foreigners who may be appointed to the Magistrates' Tribunal to serve as (Chief) Magistrate ad-hoc.

Article 4: Sessions of the Magistrates' Tribunal

The indoor sessions of the Magistrates' Tribunal shall be held in the Law Sessions Room in Vesterålen House on the Thingvellir. Depending on the time of the year and as the weather permits the Magistrates' Tribunal may also sit in judgment outside on the Thingvellir.

Article 5: Sessions of the Althing's Tribunal

The indoor sessions of the Althing's Tribunal shall be held in the Chamber of Doom of the Althingi Hall on the Thingvellir. Depending on the time of the year and as the weather permits the Althing's Tribunal may also sit in judgment outside on the Thingvellir.

Article 6: Sittings in Camera

The places where sessions of the Tribunals of the Court are held shall be deemed an open and public court to which the general public shall have access. The Court may hear any of its proceedings or any part thereof in camera in the event that the Presiding Magistrate is satisfied that it is expedient in the interests of Justice, Public Security or Propriety, or for other sufficient reason to do so.

Article 7: Deliberations of the Magistrates' Tribunal

Discussions and delibarations among the Magistrates of the Magistrates' Tribunal concerning the business of or on proceedings of the Tribunal aforesaid or any matters ancillary and incidental thereto shall take place behind closed doors in the Chamber of Whispers of Vesterålen House.

Article 8: Deliberations of the Althing's Tribunal

Discussions and deliberations among the Magistrates of the Althing's Tribunal concerning the business of or on proceedings of the Tribunal aforesaid or any matters ancillary and incidental thereto shall take place behind closed doors in the Law Speaker's Solar in the Althingi Hall.

Article 9: Court Secrecy

(a) The discussions and deliberations mentioned in Article 5 and Article 6 shall be strictly private and confidential. No person with ex officio access to or any person granted access to the Chamber of Whispers or the Law Speaker's Solar may disclose or divulge to any person anything about any discussion or deliberation unless he or she is expressly authorised to do so by Althingi Law.

(B) Nothing in this Article shall be construed to prevent a Magistrate presiding over a judicial proceeding to pronounce a (final) decision on or concerning the proceeding aforesaid.

Article 10: Extraodinary Circumstances

Should the Most Honourable Jarls in the Althing assembled be forced to decide to sit elsewhere due to extraordinary circumstances, the Court shall sit at or near the same location.

Article 11: Contempt of Court
(a) Anyone who:

assaults, threatens, intimidates, or wilfully insults a Magistrate, the Judicial Greffier, a Deputy Judicial Greffier or other officer of the Court, or a witness, during his or her sitting or attendance in Court, or in going to or returning from the Court; or

wilfully interrupts or obstructs the proceedings of the Court, or misbehaves in the Court; or

wilfully and without lawful excuse disobeys an order or direction of the Court in the course of the hearing of a proceeding.


shall be guilty of Contempt of Court.

(B) The Viscount of the Realm, an Althingi Guard or a police officer, may, with or without the assistance of any other person, by order of the Presiding Judge, take into custody and detain until the rising of the Court a person who has committed an offence against Subarticle (a).

(c ) The Court may sentence a person who has committed an offence against Subarticle (a) to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 15 days, or to pay a fine not exceeding Rkr. 5,000, or both, for every offence.

Article 12: Improper Proceedings

(a) The Court may, at any time, on request or on its own motion after having heard the parties on the point, declare a court case or other judicial proceeding improper, dismiss the aforsaid said case or other judicial proceeding, and hold the party concerned in Contempt of Court. The procedural impropriety may consist in a claim or pleading that is clearly unfounded, frivolous or dilatory or in conduct that is vexatious or quarrelsome. It may also consist in bad faith, in a use of procedure that is excessive or unreasonable or causes prejudice to another person, or in an attempt to defeat the ends of justice, in particular if it restricts freedom of expression in public debate.

(B) The Court may sentence a person who is held in Contempt under Subarticle (a) to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 150 days, or to pay a fine not exceeding Rkr. 50,000, or both, for every offence.

Article 13: Discontinuance of Proceedings

(a) A plaintiff or prosecutor may discontinue proceedings taking place before the Magistrates' Tribunal by giving notice in writing to the Tribunal aforesaid, signed by him or her or by his or her representative, stating that he or she discontinues the proceedings.

(B) An appellant may discontinue proceedings taking place before the Althing's Tribunal by giving notice in writing to the Tribunal aforesaid, signed by him or her or by his or her representative, stating that the appellant discontinues the proceedings.

Article 14: Death of Parties in Non-Criminal Cases

(a) In the event of the death of one of several plaintiffs pending proceedings taking place before the Magistrates' Tribunal, a suggestion may be filed of the death, and the proceedings may thereupon be continued at the suit of surviving plaintiffs as if the surviving Plaintiff were the sole plaintiff.

(B) In case of the death of a sole plaintiff, or of all the plaintiffs, pending proceedings taking place before the Magistrates' Tribunal, the legal representative of the sole plaintiff, or of the last surviving plaintiff, may, by leave of the Tribunal, file a suggestion of the death, and that he or she is that legal representative, and the proceedings may thereupon be continued at the suit of the legal representative.

(c ) In the event of the death of one of several appellants, pending the appeal to the Althing's Tribunal, a suggestion may be filed of the death, and the proceedings may thereupon be continued at the suit of and against the surviving appellant as if the surviving appellant were the sole appellant.

(d) In case of the death of a sole appellant, or of all the appellants, the legal representative of the sole appellant, or of the last surviving appellant, may, by leave of the Tribunal, file a suggestion of the death, and that he is that legal representative, and the proceedings may thereupon be continued at the suit of and against the legal representative as the appellant.

(e) If the suggestion referred to in Subarticle (d) is not made, the respondent may proceed to an affirmance of the judgment of the Magistrate Tribunal or take such other proceedings as the respondent is entitled to take.

Article 15: Death of Parties in Criminal Cases

(a) In the event of the death of one of several defendants pending proceedings taking place before the Magistrates' Tribunal, a suggestion may be filed of the death, and the proceedings may thereupon be continued against the surviving defendants.

(B) In case of the death of a sole defendant pending proceedings taking place before the Magistrates' Tribunal, the legal representative of the defendant may file a suggestion of the death, and that he or she is the deceased defendant's legal representative, and the proceedings shall thereupon be discontinued.

(c ) In the event of the death of one of several defendants, pending an appeal to the Althing's Tribunal, a suggestion may be filed of the death, and the proceedings may thereupon be continued at against the surviving defendant(s).

(d) In case of the death of a defendant, or of all the defendants, pending an appeal to the Althing's Tribunal, the legal representative(s) of the (surviving) defendant(s), may file a suggestion of the death, and that he or she is the defendant's legal representative, and the proceedings may thereupon be continued.

(e) If the suggestion referred to in Subarticle (d) is not made, the prosecution may motion to proceed to an affirmance of the judgment of the Magistrates' Tribunal or take such other proceedings as the prosecution is entitled to take.

Article 16: Dismissal for Delay
Where a party to a court case or judicial proceedings causes undue delays, the opposing party may move the Court for the dismissal of the court case or judicial proceedings. Such order shall thereupon be made as the Court deems just.

Article 17: Where No Provisions
Whenever the Rules of Court or this Act or any other Act contain no provision for exercising a right or procedure the Court may adopt any procedure that is not contrary to or inconsistent with the aforesaid Rules or Althingi Law. A party in a proceeding may, on motion to the Court, request directions as to the procedure aforesaid.

Article 18: Appeals

(a) The Althing's Tribunal shall by Act of Sederunt determine the period of time in which appeals may be filed to the Tribunal aforesaid. An appeal suspends the execution of a sentence of the judgement which has been challenged.

(B) No appeal shall lie from a judgement of the Althing's Tribunal and from a judgement which has become Ákvarðanir.

Article 19: Legal Clarification

(a) The High King and the Warden of Law and Justice may petition the Court for a decision on any and all questions concerning any and all legal matters that may have arisen within the Twenty-Six Jarldoms that the Imperial Government of the High Realm wishes to be answered and clarified by the Court.

(B) The Court shall consider every question submitted to it under this Article for a decision and shall pronounce its decision on such question as soon as may be, and in any case not later than sixty days after the date of submission.

Article 20: Judicial Review

(a) The Court shall have the power to determine the constitutionality of any law, decree, treaty, order, regulation or official act or any provision or part thereof and may declare on petition of any Patrician or Citizen of Stormark that is contrary to or inconsistent with the High Law of the High Realm of Stormark unconstitutional, null and void.

(B) The Court shall consider every petition or constitutionality submitted to it under this Article for a decision and shall pronounce its decision on such question as soon as may be, and in any case not later than sixty days after the date of submission.

Article 21: Rules Interpretation

(a) Any Patrician or Citizen of Stormark may petition the Court for its opinion of the intepretation of any provision of any law, decree, treaty, order, regulation in force in the High Realm which he or she wishes to be explained by the Court.

(B) The Court shall consider every petition of query submitted to it under this Article for a decision and shall pronounce its opinion on the aforesaid, as soon as may be, and in any case not later than sixty days after the date of submission.

Article 22: Writ of Duha Kroppen

(a) A Writ of Duha Kroppen is an order by the Court that an inmate or otherwise confined individual is to be brought before the Court to determine whether there is lawful authority to detain the person.

(B) Upon petition by or on behalf of any person to the Court alleging that such person is being unlawfully detained, the Court shall forthwith enquire into the said petition and may issue a Writ of Duha Kroppen ordering the person in whose custody such person is detained to produce the body of such person before the Court on a named day and to certify in writing the grounds of his or her detention, and the Court shall, upon the body of such person being produced before that Court and after giving the person in whose custody he or she is an opportunity of justifying the detention or custody, order the release of such person from such detention or custody unless satisfied that he or she is in custody or being detained in accordance with the Law of the Land.

Article 23: Writ of Við Stjórn

(a) A Writ of Við Stjórn is an order by the Court to a public authority, corporation or individual to do, or forbear from doing, some specific act which that body or person is obliged under law to do, or refrain from doing, and which is a judicially enforceable and legally protected right in the nature of a public or statutory duty. The Writ aforesaid cannot be issued to compel anyone to do something against constitutional or statutory provision.

(B) Upon petition, by or on behalf of a person seeking relief with a sufficient interest in a matter, to the Court alleging that a public authority, corporation or individual is refusing or neglecting to do, or forbear from doing, some specific act which that body or person is obliged under law to do, or refrain from doing so, the Court shall forthwith order a hearing on the aforesaid petition and afterwards either issue the Writ of Við Stjórn or deny the petition.

Article 24: Writ of Hvaða Valdi

(a) A Writ of Hvaða Valdi is an order by the Court requiring the person to whom it is directed to show what authority they have for exercising some right or power or franchise they claim to hold.

(B) Upon petition, by or on behalf of a person seeking relief with a sufficient interest in a matter, to the Court alleging that a person acts in an office in which the person is not entitled to act, or that a person or body claims to hold a franchise he or she or it is not entitled to hold, the Court shall forthwith enquire into the said petition and may issue a Writ of Hvaða Valdi ordering the person or body to provide written proof of his or her right to act in the office or of his or her or its right to hold the franchise. In the event that the person or body fails to provide such written proof the Court may declare the office to be vacant and grant an injunction restraining the person from acting in the office; or declare the franchise to be reverted back to the authority who may lawfully grant it as well as grant an injunction restraining the person or body from claiming to hold the franchise.

Article 25: Writ of Interdicts

(a) A Writ of Interdicts is an order by the Court by which an individual is required to perform, or is restrained from performing, a particular act. The Writ aforesaid commands an act that the Court regards as essential to justice, or it prohibits an act that is deemed to be contrary to good conscience. It is an extraordinary remedy, reserved for special circumstances in which the temporary preservation of the status quo is necessary.

(B) A person shall be entitled to petition the Court for a Writ of Interdicts if the person's interests are, or would be, adversely affected in or by the matter to which the person relates and upon petition, by or on behalf of such person, the Court shall forthwith order a hearing on the aforesaid petition and afterwards either issue the Writ of Interdicts or deny the petition.

Article 26: Writ of Lawburrows

(a) A Writ of Lawburrows is an order by the Court requiring the person to whom it is directed to pay a deposit to the Court as a bond of security and refrain from molesting . In the event that the person to whom the order is directed to contravenes the order the sum of the deposit shall be forfeited and divided equally between the petitioner and the Law Chambers. The Court may also hold the person to whom the order is directed to in Contempt.

(B) A person shall be entitled to petition the Court for a Writ of Lawburrows in the event that such person fears harm to his person, property, family, tenant or employees from the respondent and upon petition, by or on behalf of such person, the Court shall forthwith order a hearing on the aforesaid petition and afterwards either issue the Writ of Lawburrows or deny the petition.

Article 27: No Preclusion

The issuance of a Prerogative Writ shall not preclude any other remedies, such as a civil action for damages, or criminal proceedings by the Public Prosecutor.

Article 28: Supplemental Powers of the Court

The Court may, if it thinks it necessary or expedient in the interests of justice:

order the production of any document, exhibit or other thing connected with the proceedings if the production thereof appears to be necessary for the determination of the case and which is under the control of a person who is a compellable witness under the Law of the Land;

if it thinks fit, order any compellable witness to attend the proceedings and be examined before the Court, or order the examination of any such witnesses to be conducted in the manner provided by rules of court before the Viscount of the Judicial Greffier;

hold any person any person who wilfully and without lawful excuse fails to comply with an order or direction of the Court in the course of the hearing of a proceeding in Contempt and order him or her to be imprisoned until such time the person aforesaid complies with such order or direction;

hold in Contempt any person any person who wilfully and without lawful excuse fails to comply with a judgment or Prerogative Writ issued by the Court and order him or her to be imprisoned until such time the person aforesaid complies with such judgment; and

exercise in relation to the proceedings of the Court any other powers which may for the time being be exercised by the Court under the Law of the Land, and issue any warrants necessary for enforcing the orders, judgemets or sentences of the Court.

Article 29: Ákvarðanir

(a) An Ákvarðanir shall result when an appeal against a judgement is not filed with the Althing's Tribunal within the time prescribed by Act of Sederunt or in the event that the judgement which is challenged by an appeal is affirmed by the judgement of the Althing's Tribunal.

(B) An Ákvarðanir enjoys the stability of law and cannot be challenged and settles an issue between the parties and gives rise to an action for execution of the judgment and prevents a new introduction of the same case.

(c ) Cases concerning the status of persons shall never become an Ákvarðanir.

Article 30: Judicial Greffier

(a) The Law Speaker may, under his or her hand and Seal, appoint a Judicial Greffier, after consultation with the Chief Magistrate as well as the five most senior Althingi Jarls and approval of the aforesaid appointment by Resolution of the Most Honourable Jarls of the High Realm in the Althing assembled.

(B) The Judicial Greffier may delegate any of his or her functions, other than this power of delegation, to any Substitute Greffier or to any person prescribed by the regulations or belonging to a class so prescribed.

Article 31: Judicial Greffe

There shall be a Judicial Greffe to assist the Judicial Greffier in the discharge of his or her functions. With the approval of the Law Speaker, the Judicial Greffier shall appoint such Substitute Greffiers and other employees to the Judicial Greffe as he or she considers necessary for assisting him or her in the discharge of the functions of the office of Judicial Greffier. The aforesaid staff shall be appointed at such remuneration and on such other terms and conditions as the Law Speaker may determine.

Article 32: Althingi Pages

The Althingi Pages shall continue to attend and assist with the proceedings of the Court and be responsible for the regular court room duties as well as assisting dignitaries.

Article 33: Remuneration and Expenses of Magistrates

The Magistrates of the Court shall receive such remuneration as may be determined by the Law Speaker and shall be entitled to reimbursement of all travelling and other expenses incurred by them in the discharge of their functions under the Law of the Land.

Article 34: Pay, Pension and Holiday Residence of Chief Magistrate

(a) The salary of the Chief Magistrate shall be pegged at seven-tenths of the average principal earned income of the top four earners in the following six professions: accounting, banking, engineering, law, inland manufacturing firms and multinational corporations.

(B) After leaving office any person who has served as Chief Magistrate shall, upon application to the High Council of the Realm, be granted a pension of three-fourths of his or her pay and he or she shall enjoy the said pension for the remainder of his or her life. The High King in the High Council of the Realm may, by Order, also confer additional rewards and compensation upon a former Chief Magistrate as recognition for past service.

(c ) The mansion situated on the outskirts of the Royal City of Freyushavn, the Capital of the Jarldom of Freyja's Necklace, in the Yeorlskapp of Freyusøy which is since time immemorial known by the name of Tybjerggård Hall shall be the holiday residence of the Chief Magistrate.

Article 35: Arms and Seals of the Court

(a) The Court shall from henceforth affix the variant of the Imperial Arms of the Lands of the Longships Throne, which are depicted in the First Schedule to this Act, to all the legal documents it shall issue.

(B) The Magistrates' Tribunal shall from henceforth affix the Arms of the Magistrates' Tribunal, which are depicted in the Second Schedule to this Act, to all the legal documents it shall issue.

(c ) The Althing's Tribunal shall from henceforth affix the Arms of the Althing, which are depicted in the Third Schedule to this Act, to all the legal documents it shall issue.

(d) The seal which is depicted in the Fourth Schedule to this Act shall from henceforth be the Seal of the Court.

(e) The seal which is depicted in the Fifth Schedule to this Act shall from henceforth be the Seal of the Magistrates' Tribunal.

(f) The seal which is depicted in the Sixth Schedule to this Act shall from henceforth be the Seal of the Althing's Tribunal.

Article 36: Court Documents to Be Signed and Sealed

All judgments, writs, summonses, warrants, decrees, orders, notices and other mandatory processes issued by the Court, or the Magistrates' Tribunal thereof, or the Althing's Tribunal of the Court aforesaid, shall be signed by a Magistrate and shall bear the appropriate Judicial Seal.

Article 37: Court's Dress Code

(a) Magistrates and members of the public attending the proceedings of a Tribunal shall be obliged to dress in accordance with how one traditionally dresses in formal occasions in the jarldom of origin for the Magistrate or individual in question.

(B) As the Althingi Hall is a Fulltrui Temple and the Thingvellir part of its Holy Premises, it shall also be lawful for Magistrates and members of the public who belong to the Vanafolk to attend the proceedings of a Tribunal in the nude, provided that such persons shall adorn themselves with expensive jewellery from the jarldom they hail from and a expensive cloak fastened with a brooch which alludes to the House they belong to.

Article 38: Funding of the Court

(a) There shall under the authority of a Judicial (Appropriations) Act be charged on and paid out of the General Revenue Fund to the Látálarinrúm an annual sum sufficient to meet the expenditure of the Court which the Althingi Jarls have determined to be necessary to carry out its functions. Should the aforesaid sum prove to be insufficient an Judicial (Supplementary Appropriations) Act may be enacted to allocate the necessary additional resources.

(B) For each financial year the Látálarinrúm shall prepare and lay before the Most Honourable Jarls in the Althing assembled an estimate for that year of the use of resources for the service of the Court.

Article 39: Short Title and Commencement

This Act may be cited as the Act on the Court of the Realm of Year 13 and shall come into operation immediately after it has received the Imperial Assent.

First Schedule
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Second Schedule

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Third Schedule

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Fourth Schedule

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Fifth Schedule

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Sixth Schedule

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In consequence of Us looking with favour upon the decision of the Althing of that Day of the Ladies Divine Frigga, Freyja and Idunn, Fulltrui and Sacred Queens of Stormark since time immemorial, which is known to Us, Our Well-Beloved Royals, Nobles, Knights and Thegns, and all Our other Well-Beloved Patricians and Citizens whatsoever as the Sixth Day of the Month Himinbjorg in the Thirteenth Year of the Second Viking Age in the Second Epoch of Our High Realm that the Law Speaker of the said Althing has most graciously laid before Us, We have assented to and confirmed, as We hereby do assent to and do confirm the same as Law under Our Hand and the Great Seal of Our High Realm.


So be it!!

Given at the Court of the Three Ladies Divine, since time immemorial situated at the Vanadísarhall on the holy island in the sacred river Fulltrui Flow known as Hnossa Isle which is seated within the bounds of the Imperial City of Haraldsborg in Our Jarldom of Gularike, on this Day of the Ladies Divine Frigga, Freyja and Idunn, Fulltrui and Sacred Queens of Stormark since time immemorial, the Sixth Day of the Month Himinbjorg in the Thirteenth Year of the Second Viking Age in the Second Epoch of Our High Realm.

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Haraldur Freyjugjöf af Ættingjunum Freyju, Yfirkonungur Stórmerkur

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