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The High Realm of Stormark
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Aoife the Celt

Rights, Freedoms and Duties

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In the post below you may find an amended version of the draft.

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QUOTE
FIFTH CHAPTER - RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES

Article I.

Everyone shall be equal before the law and entitled, without any discrimination, and to equal protection of the law.

Article II.

Every Stormarker shall have the right to take part in the government of the High Realm. No person who advocates, or who aids or belongs to any organization or association which advocates, the overthrow by force or violence of the government of the High Realm shall be qualified to hold any public office of trust or profit under the said High Realm.

Article III.

No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, retroactive law, or any law impairing the obligation of contracts, shall be enacted.

Article IV.

No person shall be imprisoned for debt.

Article V.

Everyone shall have the right to be heard by public officials on request.

Article VI.

It shall be the right of everyone to marry one partner of either sex, and to start a family. No one may be forced or coerced to marry.

Article VII.

Everyone shall have the right to life, personal liberty, integrity and security.

Article VIII.

No form of slavery shall exist in the High Realm; and there shall not be any involuntary servitude, otherwise than for the punishment of crime, of which the party shall have been duly convicted.

Article IX.

No person can in any case be subject to law-martial, by virtue of that law, except those employed in the army or navy, and except the militia in actual service, but by authority of the Althing.

Article X.

No person shall be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner or lawful occupant.

Article XI.

It shall be the right of individuals or their legal representatives to make decisions relating to their health care without governmental interference.

Article XII.

The High Realm shall endeavour to make abortion legal, safe and rare.

Article XIII.

No one shall be sentenced to death, tortured or otherwise treated in a manner violating human dignity.

Article XIV.

It shall be lawful for Citizens of Stormark and foreigners legally resident in High Realm to freely move within the country and to choose their place of residence.

Article XV.

Stormarkers shall not be prevented from entering High Realm or deported or extradited or transferred from Stormark to another country against their will.

Article XVI.

It shall be lawful for anyone (excepting always those outlawed in accordance with the law of the land, and natives of any country at war with us) to leave the High Realm and to return, safe and secure by land, water or air.

Article XVII.

Everyone's private life, honour and the sanctity of the home are guaranteed. The secrecy of correspondence, telephony and other confidential communications is inviolable.

Article XVIII.

Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. Freedom of religion and conscience entails the right to profess and practice a religion, the right to change religion or belief, the right to express one's convictions and the right to be a member of or decline to be a member of a religious community. No one is under the obligation, against his or her conscience, to participate in the practice of a religion.

Article XIX.

Everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression. Freedom of expression entails the right to express, disseminate and receive information, opinions and other communications without prior prevention by anyone.

Article XX.

Everyone shall have the right to arrange peaceful meetings and demonstrations without a permit, as well as the right to participate in them. Officers of the law may be present at any meeting in a public place to ensure that the peace is kept, and to ensure that the assembly does not disrupt traffic or legitimate commercial activities.

Article XXI.

Everyone shall have the freedom of association. Freedom of association entails the right to form an association without a permit, to be a member or not to be a member of an association and to participate in the activities of an association. The freedom to form trade unions and to organise in order to look after other interests is likewise guaranteed.

Article XXII.

Everyone shall have the right to own and control their own property. Provisions on the expropriation of property, for public needs and against full compensation, shall be laid down by Statute.

Article XXIII.

Foreigners who are, or may hereafter become, bona fide residents of this High Realm, shall enjoy the same rights in respect to the possession, enjoyment, and inheritance of property, as citizens.

Article XXIV.

No law of impairing the obligation of contracts by destroying or impairing the remedy for their enforcement shall be enacted; and the legislators shall have no power to revive any right or remedy which may have become barred by lapse of time, or by any Statute of this High Realm. After suit has been commenced on any cause of action, the legislators shall have no power to take away such cause of action, or destroy any existing defense to such suit.

Article XXV.

The real and personal property of any spouse in High Realm acquired before marriage, and all property, real and personal, to which he or she may afterwards be entitled by gift, grant, inheritance, or devise, shall be and remain the separate estate and property of such spouse, and shall not be liable for any debts, obligations, or engagements of his or her spouse, and may be devised or bequeathed by him or her, the same as if he or she were single.

Article XXVI.

Everyone shall have the right to education. Basic education shall be free of charge.

Article XXVII.

Everyone shall have the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. The freedom of science, the arts and higher education is guaranteed.

Article XXVIII.

Everyone shall have the right to earn his or her livelihood by the employment, occupation or commercial activity of his or her choice.

Article XXIX.

Everyone, without any discrimination, shall have the right to equal pay for equal work.

Article XXX.

Nature and its biodiversity, the environment and the National heritage are the responsibility of everyone.

Article XXXI.

The High Realm shall endeavour to guarantee for everyone the right to a healthy environment and for everyone the possibility to influence the decisions that concern their own living environment.

Article XXXII.

Everyone shall have the right to have his or her case dealt with appropriately and without undue delay by a legally competent Law Court or other authority, as well as to have a decision pertaining to his or her rights or obligations reviewed by a Law Court.

Article XXXIII.

Everyone shall have the right to be considered innocent of any crime until proven guilty according to law in a public trial.

Article XXXIV.

The personal integrity of the individual shall not be violated, nor shall anyone be deprived of liberty arbitrarily or without a reason prescribed by Statute. A penalty involving deprivation of liberty may be imposed only by a Law Court. The lawfulness of other cases of deprivation of liberty may be submitted for review by a Law Court.

Article XXXV.

No conviction shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture of estate, and the estates of those who destroy their own lives shall descend or vest as in case of natural death.

Article XXXVI.

No one shall be found guilty of a criminal offence or be sentenced to a punishment on the basis of a deed, which has not been determined punishable by law at the time of its commission. The penalty imposed for an offence shall not be more severe than that provided by law at the time of commission of the offence.

Article XXXVII.

Such provisional exceptions to basic rights and liberties that are deemed necessary in the case of an armed attack against the High Realm or if there exists an emergency that threatens the High Realm and which according to a Statute is so serious that it can be compared with an armed attack may be provided by Statute.

Article XXXVIII.

All Stormarkers shall be entitled to the rights and freedoms set forth in this High Law, without distinction of any kind, such as race, gender, colour, sex, language, religion, sexual orientation, political or other opinion, National or social origin, property, birth or other status. The rights and freedoms set out in this High Law may be subject only to such reasonable limits prescribed by Statute as can be demonstrably justified in a free, secular and democratic society.

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