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Imperial Stormarkian Naval Air Force

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Harald Hardrada Academy Memorandum



Date : 24th Glitnir 8 (16 October 2009)


Imperial Stormarkian Naval Air Force


The Imperial Naval Air Force aside from being a Naval Aviation is de facto Stormark’s Air Force and headed by the Chief of Naval Air Force Staff with the rank of General. Superior command to all combat forces of the Imperial Naval Air Force, the Chief of Naval Air Force Staff is placed at the Ministry of War in Haraldsborg.

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The Imperial Naval Air Force is a young service and for a modern nation surrounded by potentially hostile neighbors, with access to the oceans, the Viking Empire of Stormark needed to build a capable air force. So was born the motto "Our second Ocean is in the Sky".

Much needed overhaul facilities were established and where possible, equipment and spares were saved through the widespread use of simulators. The average pilot flight hours are back to the standard 180-200 figure. The formulation of Stormark's first ever Air Power Doctrine provided the main map to modernisation and ensures that the Imperial Naval Air Force remains a viable deterrent against its principal potential adversaries.

The Imperial Naval Air Force has accepted that the increased costs of maintaining a modern and effective air force in the future would necessitate a reduction in quantitative levels. The upgrade programme is well underway and second-generation fighter types will see an intensive avionics upgrade as well as the ability for some fighter being equipped for air refuelling. The multi-role capability and very high serviceability of the The multi-role capability and very high serviceability of the Torhild and Gunvoor, has led the Imperial Naval Air Force placing an order for additional aircrafts to be delivered.

The Ordre of Battle “8 SVA” concept allows for the fighters, mainly composed of the new generation the multi-role combat airplanes Torhild and Gunvoor.

The Imperial Naval Air Force operates a fleet of aircraft, fighters, transport aircraft, passenger transports and helicopters. Fighter aircrafts are incorporated into 4 Naval Air Task Forces and 1 Sea Based Naval Air Task Force. The Imperial Naval Air Force has a fleet of aircrafts including Torhild, Gunvoor, Turid and Mar to meet training requirements.

CONTENTS

Posting # 2 - Subordinate elements
Posting # 3 - List of aircrafts
Posting # 4 - Fighter aircraft Gunvoor
Posting # 5 - Fighter aircraft Ranveig
Posting # 6 - Multi-role fighter Turid
Posting # 7 - Fighter aircraft Thorhild
Posting # 8 - Early warning command Steinaar
Posting # 9 - Airborne early warning and control
Posting # 10 - Multi-purpose helicopter Leif
Posting # 11 - Heavy transport helicopter Sigr
Posting # 12 - Advanced multi-role battlefield helicopter ULF
Posting # 13 - Order of Battle

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- Posting # 2 -


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Subordinate elements are :

. The Operational Command Naval Air Force

. The Operational Command is organized in four Naval Air Task Forces and one AEW&C Task Force.

1st Naval Air Task Force
With its headquarters located Etinhof, it is the most important of the four naval air task forces. It controls air operations of Heartland, including Ghawlama and the area from Valkyrrjaflatunar to Hrísey.

2nd Naval Air Task Force
Headquarters are located at Sula Sgeir. Previously the area currently covered by the 2nd NATF was under the operational control of the 3rd NATF. The 2nd NATF controls air operations in the southern air sector, which includes Kjesarinna Asa Land, Port Chloe and Hovgarden. The 2nd NATF features mostly air defence squadrons and ground attack squadrons.

3rd Naval Air Task Force
With its headquarters located at Friggerock, it controls air operations south and north of Frigga, including Gascony. The 3rd NATF features mostly air defence squadrons and ground attack squadrons

4th Naval Air Task Force
With its headquarters located Straumsjøen. It controls air operations in the Empire’s northern area, from Normandie to Vinland. The 4th NATF features mostly air defence squadrons and ground attack squadrons.

The Airborne early warning and control ask Force (AEW&C) headquarter are located at Tara.

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The Sea Based Naval Air Task Force with its headquarters located at Haithabu controls naval air operations on the four aircraft carriers.

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Imperial Naval Air Force Office

The Imperial Air Force Office is responsible for supporting the air force combat units. Main tasks are maintenance and logistic support and provision of basic training and education.

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- Posting # 4 -


Fighter aircraft Gunvoor


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Gunvoor is a fighter aircraft designed for performance, flexibility, effectiveness and survivability in air combat. The designation Gunvoor stands for Air-to-Air, Air-to-Surface, and Reconnaissance, indicating that Gunvoor is a swingrole fighter aircraft that can fulfill each mission type.

In designing the aircraft, several layouts were studied and an unstable canard design was selected. The canard configuration gives a high onset of pitch rate and low drag, enabling the aircraft to be faster, have longer range and carry a larger payload.

The combination of delta wing and canards gives the Gunvoor significantly better takeoff and landing performance and flying characteristics. The totally integrated avionics make it a "programmable" aircraft. It also has a built-in electronic warfare unit, making it possible to load more ordnance onto the aircraft without losing self defence capabilities. The 300-link is used to share data between fighters.

Radar

The Gunvoor uses the modern pulse-doppler X-band radar, the radar is capable of detecting, locating, identifying and automatically tracking multiple targets in the upper and lower spheres, on the ground and sea or in the air, in all weather conditions. It can guide four air to air missiles simultaneously at four different targets.

Cockpit
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The cockpit has three full colour head down displays and digital emergency instrument presentation unique to the aircraft. The cockpit layout provides a human-machine interface that eases pilot workload substantially and increases situational awareness, but still provides substantial future growth potential. The pilot flies the aircraft by means of a centre stick and left hand throttles.
The cockpit provides a display area some 30 percent larger than that available in most other fighters, with the multi-function displays taking up around 75 percent of available space.

It is dominated by three large (15.7 x 21 cm) active-matrix, liquid crystal, multi-function displays and a wide angle (20 x 28 degree) head-up display (HUD). The displays are equipped with light sensors for computer assisted brightness and contrast control.

Expeditionary capabilities

One interesting feature is the Gunvoor's ability to take off and land on public roads, which is part of Stormark's war defence strategy. The aircraft is designed to be able to operate even if the air force does not have air superiority.

The Gunvoor fighter is able to land on public roads near military stores for quick maintenance and take off again. As a result, the Gunvoor fighter can be refueled and re-armed in ten minutes by a five man mobile ground crew operating out of a truck, and then resume flying sorties.

Specifications

a. General characteristics

. Crew : 1 (2 for trainer)
. Length : 14.10 m
. Wingspan : 8.40 m
. Height : 4.50 m
. Wing area : 30.00 m²
. Empty weight : 5,700 kg
. Loaded weight : 8,500 kg
. Max takeoff weight : 14,000 kg
. Wheel track : 2.40 m
. Length (two-seater) : 14.8 m

b. Performance
. Maximum speed :
- At altitude: Mach 2 (2,130 km/h)
. Combat radius : 800 km
. Ferry range : 3,200 km with drop tanks
. Service ceiling : 15,240 m
. Wing loading : 336 kg/m²

c. Armament
. 1 × 27 mm cannon 120 rounds
. 6 × heat seeking air-to-air missiles
. 4 × advanced Medium-Range air-to-air missiles
. 4 x active radar guided air-to-air missiles
. 4 x air-to-ground tactical missiles
. 2 x guided cruise missiles
. 4 x laser-guided bombs
. 4 x rocket pods 13.5 cm rockets
. 2 x anti-ship missiles
. 2 x air dropped cluster bombs
. 8 x unguided low-drag-purpose bombs
. 1 x Electric Countermeasure pod

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- Posting # 5 -


Fighter aircraft Ranveig


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Ranveig is a twin-engined delta-wing highly agile multi-role 4.5th-generation jet fighter aircraft combined with active integrated (close-coupled) canard to maximize maneuverability (withstanding +9 g or -3 g) while maintaining stability in flight, a maximum of 11 g can be reached in case of emergency. The canard also reduces landing speed to 115 knots. The Ranveig is being produced both for land-based use with the Naval Air Force and for carrier-based operations with the Imperial Navy.

Combat systems

The Ranveig carries an integrated electronic survival system which features a software-based virtual stealth technology. The most important sensor is the passive electronically scanned multi-mode radar.

However, when signature management is required, the Ranveig can use several passive sensor systems. The front-sector electro-optical system or Optronique Sector Frontal (OSF), is completely integrated within the aircraft and can operate both in the visible and infrared wavelengths.

The electronic warfare system provides the aircraft with the highest survivability assets against airborne and ground threats. The real-time data link allows communication not only with other aircraft, but also with fixed and mobile command and control centres. For those missions requiring it, the Ranveig will also eventually use the electro-optical/laser designation pod that brings full day and night LGB capability.

The Ranveig core systems employ an Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA), called MDPU (Modular Data Processing Unit). This architecture hosts all the core functions of the aircraft as Flight management system, Data Fusion, Fire Control, Man-Machine Interface, etc.

The total value of the radar, electronic communications and self-protection equipment is about 30% of the cost of the entire plane.

Cockpit

The cockpit uses a "zero-zero” ejection seat, i.e. capable of being used at zero speed and zero altitude. The seat is inclined 29 degrees backwards to improve G force tolerance. The canopy hinges open to the right. An on-board oxygen generating system is provided to eliminate the need for multiple oxygen canisters.

The cockpit includes a wide-angle holographic Head Up Display (HUD) and two head-down flat-panel colour multifunction displays (MFDs). Display interaction is by means of touch input for which the pilot wears silk-lined leather gloves. In addition, in full development, the pilot will have a Helmet-Mounted Display (HMD).

The pilot flies the aircraft with a side-stick controller mounted on his right and a throttle on his left. These incorporate multiple `hands on throttle and stick’ (HOTAS) controls.

Radar signature reduction features

Although not a true stealth aircraft, the Ranveig has reduced radar signature, while most of the stealth design features are classified, extensive use of composite materials and serrated patterns on the trailing edges of the wings and canards help to reduce the radar cross section.

General characteristics

. Crew : 1 - 2
. Length : 15.27 m
. Wingspan : 10.80 m
. Height : 5.34 m
. Wing area : 45.7 m²
. Empty weight : 9,500 kg
. Max takeoff weight : 24,500 kg

Performance
. Maximum speed :
- High altitude : Mach 2
- Low altitude : 1,390 km/h,
. Range : 3,700+ km
. Combat radius : 1,852+ km on penetration mission
. Service ceiling : 16,800 m
. Rate of climb : 304.8+ m/s
. Wing loading : 326 kg/m²
. Thrust/weight : 1.13

Armament
. Guns : 1 × 30 mm cannon with 125 rounds
. Missiles :
- Air-to-air:
- Air-to-ground:

Avionics
. Radar
. Electronic warfare system.
. Infrared search and track system.

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- Posting # 6 -


Multi-role fighter Turid


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Turid is a fifth-generation, single-seat, single-engine, stealth-capable multi-role fighter, that can perform close air support, tactical bombing, EW and air defense missions. The Turid has three different models; one is the conventional takeoff and landing variant, the second is short takeoff and vertical-landing variant and the third is an aircraft carrier-based variant.

Improvements over current-generation fighter aircraft are :

. Durable, low-maintenance stealth technology;
. Integrated avionics and sensor fusion that combine information from off- and onboard sensors to increase the pilot's situational awareness and improve target identification and weapon delivery, and to relay information quickly to other command and control (C2) nodes;
. High speed data networking including Fibre Channel.

The Turid uses stealth-friendly chines for vortex lift in and the small bumps just forward of the engine air intakes form part of the diverterless supersonic inlet (DSI) which is a simpler, lighter and stealthier means to ensure high-quality airflow to the engine over a wide range of conditions.

Cockpit

The Turid features a full-panel-width "panoramic cockpit display" (PCD), with dimensions of 50 by 20 centimeters. A cockpit speech-recognition system (Direct Voice Input) is planned to improve the pilot's ability to operate the aircraft over the current-generation interface. The pilot flies the aircraft by means of a right-hand side-stick and left-hand throttle.

A helmet mounted display system (HMDS) will be fitted to all models of the Turid. While some fighters have offered HMDS along with a head up display (HUD), this will be the first time in several decades that a front-line tactical jet fighter has been designed to not carry a HUD.

The ejection seat is used in all variants. The seat design balances major performance requirements, including safe terrain clearance limits, pilot load limits, and pilot size. It uses a twin-catapult system that is housed in side-rails.

Sensors

The Turid includes an advanced, powerful sensor suite and augmented by the Electro-Optical Targeting System (EOTS) mounted under the nose of the aircraft. Six additional passive infrared sensors are distributed over the aircraft, which acts as a missile warning system, reports missile launch locations, detects and tracks approaching aircraft spherically and replaces traditional night vision goggles for night operations and navigation. All functions are performed simultaneously, in every direction, at all times.

Armament

The Turid includes a four-barrel 25 mm cannon, the cannon is mounted with 220 rounds. The gun pod will have stealth features. This pod could be used for different equipment such as EW, reconnaissance equipment or a rearward facing radar.
Two air-to-air missiles and two air-to-air or air-to-ground weapons (up to two 1,000 kg bombs can be carried in the bomb bays. These could be the Joint Direct Attack Munitions (910 kg), the Joint Standoff Weapon, Small Diameter Bombs - a maximum of four in each bay, the anti-armor missiles, and Cluster Munitions. The air-to-air missile is currently being adapted to fit internally in the missile spots and may be integrated into the Turid.

At the expense of being more detectable by radar, many more missiles, bombs and fuel tanks can be attached on four wing pylons and two near wingtip positions. The two wingtip locations can only carry heat seeking air-to-air missiles. The other pylons can carry the air-to-surface missiles, cruise missiles, guided bombs and fuel tanks.

Maneuvering

The Turid fights in an entirely new way. Rather than using thrust vectoring, canards or supercruise to line up the target directly ahead of the aircraft, like 4.5 Generation jet fighters, the Turid uses combined radio frequency and infrared situational awareness to track all nearby aircraft continually, the pilot's helmet-mounted display system (HMDS) to display and select targets and High Off-Boresight (HOBS) weapons to eliminate them. Because of this the Turid does not have the dashboard mounted head up display seen in previous generation jet fighters as there is simply no reason to point the entire aircraft at the target.

General characteristics
. Crew : 1
. Length : 15.60 m
. Wingspan : 10.70 m
. Height : 4.33 m
. Wing area : 42.7 m²
. Empty weight : 13,300 kg
. Loaded weight : 20,100 kg
. Max takeoff weight : 31,800 kg

Performance
. Maximum speed : Mach 1.67 (2,065 km/h)
. Range : A: 2,220 km on internal fuel
. Combat radius : A: 1,110 km on internal fuel
. Service ceiling : 18,288 m
. Wing loading : 446 kg/m²
. Thrust/weight :
- With full fuel : 0.84
- With 50% fuel: 1.04
. g-Limits : 9 g

Armament
. Guns: 1 × 25 mm cannon - slated to be mounted internally with 180 rounds or fitted as an external pod with 220 rounds
. Hardpoints: 6× external pylons on wings with a capacity of 6,800 kg and 2 × internal bays with 2 pylons each (Total weapons payload of 8,000 kg) Missiles
- Internal: 4 air-to-air missiles or 2 air-to-air missiles and 2 air-to-ground weapons.
- External: 6 air-to-air missiles or 4 air-to-ground weapons and 2 air-to-air missiles with combinations for the following missiles :
- Air-to-air missiles :
-- heat seeking air-to-air missiles
-- advances Medium-Rage air-to-air missiles
-- active radar guided air-to-air missiles
- Air-to-ground weapons :
-- guided air-to-ground tactical missiles
-- guided cruise missiles

Bombs :
. Low-drag general purpose bombs
. Free-fall, unguided general purpose bombs
. Laser-guided bombs
. Free-fall, unguided cluster bombs designed to kill tanks
. Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser
. Small Diameter Bomb (single air-to-ground)
. Satellite Aided Inertially Guided Bomb

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- Posting # 7 -



Fighter Aircraft Thorhild


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The aircraft fighter Torhild is a twin-engine canard-delta wing multirole aircraft.

The Torhild features lightweight construction (82% composites = 70% carbon fibre composites + 12% glass reinforced composites), with an estimated lifespan of 6000 flying hours.

The fighter achieves high agility at both supersonic and low speeds by having a relaxed stability design. It has a quadruplex digital fly-by-wire control system providing artificial stability, as manual operation alone could not compensate for the inherent instability. The fly-by-wire system is described as "carefree" by preventing the pilot from exceeding the permitted manoeuvre envelope.

Roll control is primarily achieved by use of the wing flaperons. Pitch control is by operation of the foreplanes and flaperons, the yaw control is by rudder. Control surfaces are moved through two independent hydraulic systems that are incorporated in the aircraft, which also supply various other items, such as the canopy, brakes and undercarriage. Each hydraulic system is powered by a 4000 psi engine-driven gearbox.

Navigation is via both GPS and an inertial navigation system. The Torhild can use Instrument Landing System (ILS) for landing in poor weather.

The aircraft employs a sophisticated and highly integrated Defensive Aids Sub-System. Threat detection is provided by a Radar Warning Receiver (RWR), a Missile Approach Warning (MAW) and a Laser Warning Receiver (LWR. Protection is provided by Electronic Counter Measures (ECM) and a Towed Radar Decoy (TRD).

Defensive Aids Sub-System monitors and responds automatically to the outside world. It provides the pilot with an all-round prioritised assessment of Air-to-Air and Air-to-Surface threats. It can respond to single or multiple threats.

The aircraft also features an advanced Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) based on the Terrain Referenced Navigation (TRN) system and fully integrated into the cockpit displays and controls.

The Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS) provides the data link.

The Fighter Torhild features a "glass cockpit" without any conventional instruments. It includes: three full colour Multi-function Head Down Displays (the formats on which are manipulated by means of softkeys, XY cursor and voice command), a wide angle Head Up Display with Forward Looking Infra Red, Voice & Hands On Throttle And Stick (Voice, Helmet Mounted Symbology System), Multifunction Information Distribution System, a Manual Data Entry Facility located on the left glareshield and a fully integrated aircraft warning system with a Dedicated Warnings Panel. Reversionary flying instruments are located under a hinged right glareshield.

The pilot flies the aircraft by means of a centre stick and left hand throttles. Emergency escape is provided by an ejection seat, with the canopy being jettisoned by two rocket motors.

Voice control

The Torhild DVI system utilises a Speech Recognition Module (SRM), developed and the then Computing Devices. DVI provides the pilot with an additional natural mode of command and control over approximately 26 non-critical cockpit functions, to reduce pilot workload, improve aircraft safety, and expand mission capabilities.

The DVI system is speaker-dependent, i.e. requires each pilot to create a template. It is not used for any safety-critical or weapon-critical tasks, such as weapon release or lowering of the undercarriage, but is used for a wide range of other cockpit functions. Voice commands are confirmed by visual or aural feedback. The system is seen as a major design feature in the reduction of pilot workload and even allows the pilot to assign targets to himself with two simple voice commands, or to any of his wingmen with only five commands.

G Protection

G protection is provided by the "Full Cover Anti-g Trousers". This specially developed g suit provides sustained protection up to 9 g.

Combat performance

The Torhild is capable of supersonic cruise without using afterburners. This is referred to as supercruise and the maximum speed possible without reheat is between Mach 1.2 and Mach 1.5.

Air-to-ground capabilities

The Torhild has been planned to be a multi-role fighter with air-to-ground capabilities.

Radar signature reduction features

Although not designated a stealth fighter, measures were taken to reduce the Torhild's radar cross section (RCS), especially from the frontal aspect. An example of these measures is that the fighter has jet inlets that conceal the front of the jet engine (a strong radar target) from radar. Many important potential radar targets, such as the wing, canard and fin leading edges, are highly swept, so will reflect radar energy well away from the front sector. Some external weapons are mounted semi-recessed into the aircraft, partially shielding these missiles from incoming radar waves. In addition radar absorbent materials (RAM) coat many of the most significant reflectors, e.g. the wing leading edges, the intake edges and interior, the rudder surrounds, strakes, etc. The Torhild does not use internal storage of weapons. External mounting points are used instead, which increases its radar cross section but allows for more and larger stores. The Fighter operates automatic Emission Controls (EMCON) to reduce the Electro-Magnetic emissions of the current mechanically scanned Radar.

Variants

The Fighter is produced in single-seat and twin-seat variants. The twin-seat variant is not used operationally, but only for training.

Specifications

General characteristics
. Crew : 1 (operational aircraft) or 2 (training aircraft)
. Length : 15.96 m
. Wingspan : 10.95 m
. Height : 5.28 m
. Wing area : 50 m²
. Empty weight : 11,000 kg
. Loaded weight: 15,550 kg
. Max takeoff weight : 23,500 kg

Performance
. Maximum speed :
- At altitude : Mach 2+ (2,49 km/h)
- At sea level : Mach 1.2
- Supercruise : Mach 1.5
. Range : 2,900 km
. Combat radius :
- Ground attack, lo-lo-lo : 601 km
- Ground attack, hi-lo-hi : 1389 km
- Air defence with 3hr CAP : 185 km
- Air defence with 10-min loiter : 1389 km
. Ferry range : 3,790 km
. Service ceiling : 19,812 m
. Rate of climb : >315 m/s
. Wing loading : 311 kg/m²
. Thrust/weight : 1.16

Armament
. Guns : 1× 27 mm cannon with 150 rounds
. Hardpoints : Total of 13: 8× under-wing plus 5× under-fuselage pylon stations holding up to 7,500 kg of payload
. Missiles :
- Air-to-air missiles
- Air-to-surface missiles:
. Bombs : Laser-guided bombs (LGBs), Joint Direct Attack Munitions
. Others :
- Infrared decoys dispenser pod
- Electronic countermeasures (ECM) pods
- Laser targeting pod
- up to 3× drop tanks for ferry flight or extended range/loitering time.

Radar
. Passive Infra-Red Airborne Tracking Equipment (PIRATE)

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- Posting # 8 -


Early warning command Steinaar


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Steinaar provides all-weather airborne early warning command and control functions for a carrier battle group. Additional missions include surface surveillance coordination, strike and interceptor control, search and rescue guidance and communications relay. An integral component of the carrier air wing, the Steinaar uses computerized sensors to provide early warning, threat analysis and control of counteraction against air and surface targets. It is a high-wing aircraft with stacked antennae elements contained in a 7.30 m rotating dome above the fuselage.

Steinaar features are an entirely new avionics suite, including the new radar, radio suite, mission computer, integrated satellite communications capability, flight management system, improved engines, a new "glass" cockpit and the ability to refuel in-flight. His particularity is the Active Electronically Scanned Array (electronically steered) radar in its rotodome.

General characteristics

. Crew : 5 (2 pilots, 3 naval flight officers - combat information center officer, air control officer, radar operator)
. Length : 17.56 m
. Wingspan : 24.58 m
. Height : 5.58 m
. Wing area : 65 m²
. Empty weight : 17,090 kg
. Loaded weight : 23,391 kg
. Max takeoff weight : 23,391 kg

Performance
. Maximum speed : 604 km/h
. Range : 2,583 km
. Service ceiling : 9,300 m
. Rate of climb : 13 m/s
. Wing loading : 355 kg/m²
. Power/mass : 0.32 kW/kg

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- Posting # 9 -


AEW&C - Airborne early warning and control


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An airborne early warning and control system is an airborne radar system designed to detect aircraft. Used at a high altitude, the radars allow the operators to distinguish between friendly and hostile aircraft hundreds of miles away. aircraft are used for defensive and offensive air operations. The system is used offensively to direct fighters to their target locations, and defensively to counter attacks. It can also be used to carry out surveillance and command-control-battle management functions.

AEW&C is also known by the older terms "airborne early warning" (AEW) and "airborne warning and control system".

General characteristics

Modern AEW&C systems can detect aircraft from up to 402 km away, well out of range of most surface-to-air missiles. One AWACS plane flying at 9,100 m can cover an area of 311,990 km². Three such aircraft in overlapping orbits can cover the whole continent of Tapfer. In air-to-air combat, AEW&C systems can communicate with friendly aircraft, extend their sensor range and give them added stealth, since they no longer need their own active radar to detect threats. However, by the nature of radar, AEW&C aircraft can be detected by opposing forces beyond its own detection range. This is because the outgoing pulse reduces in strength the further it travels. Therefore, a signal which is intended to go out and be reflected back must be strong enough to cover twice the distance between the sender and the target.

The specific system with a rotating radar dome "rotodome" is mounted on a modified Airplane.

However, Stormark has developed his own system, which uses an AESA (Active Electronically Scanned Array) in lieu of a rotodome antenna. The system is the first such advanced radar placed into service.
The third generation variant of the system is mounted on a highly modified Airus 40 M aircraft. Equipped with a more efficient and compact version of this airborne radar is his long endurance, high altitude, rapid pop-up and descent system with unobstructed 360° coverage.

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- Posting # 10 -


Multi-purpose helicopter Leif


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The helicopter Leif is a medium-weight multi-purpose twin-engine helicopter and used for a wide range of military roles, including combat assault, fire support, anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, search & rescue and MEDEVAC.

General characteristics
. Crew : 1 or 2 pilots
. Capacity : 10 commandos
. Length : 13.68 m
. Rotor diameter : 11.94 m
. Height : 3.97 m
. Empty weight : 2,380 kg
. Max takeoff weight : 4,300 kg

Performance
. Maximum speed : 306 km/h
. Ferry range : 827 km
. Service ceiling : 5,865 m
. Rate of climb : 8.9 m/s

Armament
. Guns : 20 mm cannon pods.
. Rockets : 68 mm and 70 mm unguided rockets.
. Missiles :
- air-to-air missiles.
- anti-surface missiles.
- anti-tank missiles.
- anti-submarine warfare torpedoes

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- Posting # 11 -


Heavy transport helicopter Sigr


sigr.jpg


Sigr is a three-engined heavy transport helicopter and three military variants were produced : military transport, anti-submarine and anti-ship.

The transport version is able to carry 38 equipped troops or alternatively 15 stretchers for casualty evacuation tasks.

The Naval anti-submarine and anti-ship variants are usually equipped with a navigation and search radar and a 50 meter rescue cable. They are fitted with a 20 mm cannon, counter-measures, night vision, a laser designator and a Personal Locator System. It can also be refueled in flight.

Specifications (Naval Sigr)

. Crew : 5
. Capacity :
- 27 passengers or
- 15 stretchers
. Length : 23.03 m
. Rotor diameter : 18.90 m
. Height : 6.66 m
. Disc area : 280.6 m²
. Empty weight : 6,863 kg
. Max takeoff weight : 13,000 kg

Performance
. Never exceed speed : 275 km/h
. Maximum speed : 249 km/h
. Range : 1,020 km
. Service ceiling : 3,150 m
. Rate of climb : 6.7 m/s
. Endurance : 4 hr

Armament
. Guns : 1 × 20 mm cannon
. Missiles :
- 4 × homing torpedoes in the ASW role or
- 2 × missiles in the anti-ship role

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- Posting # 12 -


Advanced multi-role battlefield helicopter ULF


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The Helicopter Ulf is an advanced multi-role battlefield helicopter.

His body is made from 80% carbon fiber reinforced polymer and kevlar, 11% aluminum, and 6% titanium. The rotors are made from fiber-plastic able to withstand combat damage and bird strikes. Protection against lightning and electromagnetic pulse is ensured by embedded copper/bronze grid and copper bonding foil.

While the Ulf has a conventional helicopter gunship configuration of a two crew sitting in tandem, it is somewhat unusual in that the pilot is in the front seat and the gunner is in the back, unlike all other current attack helicopters. The seats are offset to opposite sides of the centerline to improve the view forward for the gunner in the back.

Protection

Ulf is capable of stopping 23mm autocannon fire.

Installed in the helicopter is a System ensuring radar warning, a laser warning system, and a missile launch/approach detector. Its visual, radar, infrared, sound signatures have been minimized.

Navigation/communications

The navigation system contains three-axis ring laser gyro units, two magnetometers, two air data computers, four-beam radar, radio altimeter, global positioning system and a suite of low air speed sensors and sensors for terrain following.

Radios: HF, MF, VHF, UHF, military SATCOM, GPS receiver, and datalink..

Helmet-Mounted Sight Display
. Helicopters are equipped with helmet-mounted sight for both pilot/co-pilot

Ulf HCP

The Ulf HCP (Helicopter for Close Protection) is a medium-weight air-to-air combat and fire support helicopter built for the Stormarkian Army.

It is fitted with a chin-mounted 30 mm gun turret and can carry 68 mm unguided rockets or 20 mm machine cannons for the fire support role as well as air-to-air missiles.

Supporting helicopter Ulf - Magnus

The Supporting helicopter Ulf is a medium-weight multi-role fire support helicopter built for the Imperial Armed Forces.

The SHU can carry "fire and forget" and/or anti-tank missiles as well as 70 mm air-to-ground fire support rockets. Four AIM-92 Stinger missiles (2 on each side) are mounted for air-to-air combat. Unlike the HCP version it has no integrated gun turret, but a 30 mm recoilless autocannon can be fitted if needed. Another noticeable difference with the HCP version is the use of a mast-mounted sight, which has a second-generation infrared channel and a TV channel.

Countermeasures include radar/laser/missile launch/missile approach warning receivers and decoy launchers.

Ulf ARH

The Ulf ARH (Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter) is a modified and upgraded version of the Ulf HCP with upgraded engines as well as a laser designator incorporated in the sight for the firing of air-to-ground missiles. Instead of unguided rockets, the ARH operates 70 mm rockets.

Ulf SDH

The Ulf SDH (Support Destruction Helicopter) version is essentially identical to the HCP version, but with 14% more engine power available due to the upgraded engines (1464shp) and a better ballistic protection. It can also be equipped with anti-tank missiles.

The helicopter is suited for a support and fire suppression role.

Specifications (Ulf HCP)

General characteristics
. Crew : 2 (pilot, weapon systems officer)
. Length : 14.08 m fuselage
. Rotor diameter : 13.00 m
. Height : 3.83 m
. Disc area : 133 m²
. Empty weight : 3,060 kg
. Max takeoff weight : 6,000 kg
. Internal fuel capacity: 1,080 kg

Performance
. Maximum speed : 290 km/h with mast, 315 km/h without mast
. Range : 800 km combat (with external tanks in the inboard stations : 1300 km
. Service ceiling : 4,000 m
. Rate of climb : 10.7 m/s

Armament
. Guns :
- 1 × 30 mm cannon in chin turret

On its two inner hardpoints and two outer hardpoints the Ulf can carry a combination of the following weapons :
. on each of its two inner hardpoints :
- 2 x 20 mm machine cannons in a pod, or
- 22 × 68 mm unguided missiles in a pod, or
- 8 x laser guided missiles
. on each of its two outer hardpoints :
- 2× air-to-air missiles, or
- 12× 68 mm unguided missiles in a pod

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Yes indeed...this is very impressive work. :)

 

But whilst we are on the subject of the Naval Air Service, isn't it time we dropped the 'naval' title and simply named it the Imperial Stormarkian Air Force? If we accept Thorald's proposal here (and it's my belief that we should), surely we must recognise the NAS as a third service alongside the army and navy...

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The Viking Empire of Stormark has a maritime history dating back more than 1,000 years and the title “Imperial Naval Air Force” results to a certain respect of nostalgia.

 

BTW any change or modifications concerning the Imperial Armed Forces need HIM approval and a decree.

 

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The current title is Naval Air Service, as opposed to Naval Air Force. Aside from that, I do see what you are saying, but the inclusion of the term 'naval' does rather imply that there is also a separate and equal 'Army Air Service' and that the NAS/NAF is primarily concerned with maritime airpower, and that is just not the case at all.

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Excellent work, General! :worshippy:

 

I can understand both ideas on naming, and I love historical names, yet if our air contingent is to remain an independent branch, something like "Imperial Air Force" would seem to me to be more logical.

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The problem are from the past - probably some confusion between air force - naval - navy - service - forces - aviation ....., the best example are the insignias, the "air naval service" wears navy strips on the sleeves and the navy was gratified with shoulder insignias from the Hellenic Air Force.

 

FYI

 

Primo - I made only an OrBat proposition.

 

Secundo - I am not qualified to modify the given name "Imperial Naval Air Force", probably the baby will have the title "Imperial Air Force" after the following publications :

 

- Navy ordre of battle,

- Hierarchy - Imperial Army,

- Hierarchy - Imperial Navy,

- Hierarchy - Imperial Naval Air Force or Imperial Air Force,

- Imperial Reaction Force.

 

Tertio - If people is not happy, it would be polite to wait for the Imperial decision.

 

Quarto - My advice will be "Wait and see or patience".

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