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Scientists' Memorandum

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Haldarsvik University Memorandum

Internal Audit Department

 

 

Date : 20tht Glitnir 8 SAV

 

 

 

Foreword

 

South Pole - “Terra Incognita” of Micras, which is covered with eternal ice and snow, is the stormiest, windiest, coldest and the most inaccessible of all continents. The thickness of the ice cover varies from a maximum of 4.5 km to a minimum of 800 metres and it has a small part of landmass which is free from ice. If the South Pole ice cover were to melt, the Micras oceans would rise by about 50 to 60 metres. The highest point is 5140 m above the mean sea level. The South Pole has a tremendous biological bounty teeming in its surrounding seas and hydrocarbon and polymetallic nodule deposits in its continental shelf.

 

The Geographic South Pole lies on the opposite side of the planet from the North Pole and should not be confused with the South Magnetic Pole. His geographic coordinates are usually given simply as 90°S, since its longitude is geometrically undefined and irrelevant. When a longitude is desired, it will be given as 0°W and all directions face north.

 

 

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The importance of scientific research can broadly be described as follows :

 

I. South Pole is an important location for observing the interaction of the earth's magnetic field and charged particles from the sun. It is perhaps the only place in the southern hemisphere from where observations on simultaneous activity in the ionosphere and the earth's magnetic field can be made. It provides relative freedom from man-made sources of electrical interference. Hence, it forms an ideal environment for conducting studies on radio-wave propagation and radio-noise-levels both in the ionosphere and the lower atmosphere.

 

II. The thermal energy of Micras is proportional to its temperature. At the annual to centennial time scales, the temperature and, therefore, the heat content of the uppermost layer of the crust are dominantly controlled by the temperature at the ground surface and escape from the ground into the atmosphere. Based on meteorological observations, the North and South Poles maintain the heat budget of Micras in balance. The heat transported through the atmosphere and the oceans to the poles is dissipated in space in the form of long-wave radiation. The cold air going from South Pole, when he meets the warm air in the atmosphere of the lower latitude, changes into moisture-bearing clouds. Thus, the South Pole regulates the global climate and more particularly of the southern hemisphere, yet it has recently been suggested that its strength as a carbon sink may be decreasing. At the University we are now planning to examine this and other changes in the global carbon balance and the ways we might better manage carbon to avoid dangerous climate change.

 

III. Oceans, meet around the South Pole, forming a distinct body of water which girdles Micras. The mixing process between cold and warm water in this body of water demarcates the polar area convergence which has its own physical, chemical and biological characteristics.

 

The ice flows continuously from the high elevations to the sea, breaking off to form massive icebergs. The amount of precipitation is so small that it shall be classed as a polar desert. The land-icemass has a relatively high elevation, on average about twice as high as that of Stormark and contains many buried, or sub-glacial, freshwater lakes that are connected by a network of rivers which move water far beneath the surface of the continent. These lakes have been sealed for millions of years.

 

IV. South Pole provides a unique, unpolluted and stable environment for carrying out scientific observations. It is far away from all sources of environmental contamination and thus remains an unpolluted datum point from which global changes due to pollution could be monitored.

 

V. Unlike the Oceans, which communicate to both North Pole and South Pole, the South Raynor Sea, Tapfer Sea and Austral Strait have its northern boundaries closed with landmass. It, therefore, communicates only to the Seas and South Pole from which it derives much of its fertility and energy.

 

VI. Many important oceanographic features of the Seas are governed by the South Pole Sea. Hence, to understand the processes occurring in the Seas, the knowledge of at least that part of the South Pole Sea which joins the Austral Strait, becomes necessary.

 

VII. South Pole glaciers comprise about 90 per cent of the Micras’ ice. Thus, the continent holds about 75 per cent of the freshwater reserve of Micras in a solid state.

 

VIII. Wildlife is prevelant around the coast but is quite rare near the centre of the continent. The mixing of warmer waters from the northerly latitudes and the icy currents thrusts plankton, algae and other micro-organisms from below the ocean to the surface, feeding billions of krill which, in turn, feed and support penguins, seals and different species of fish and whale.

 

Several strange creatures have been found in frigid waters off South Pole in one of Micras’ most pristine marine environments. Others resembled corals and the scientists catalogued about 300 species where temperatures are believed to have caused the collapse of overlying ice shelves, affecting the marine life below.

 

The expedition also found sea lilies, sea cucumbers and sea urchins thriving on the sea floor - these species are usually found in much deeper waters where food is scarce, but the ice shelves probably made food scarcer than it would usually be at that shallow depth.

 

The findings also suggest that Micras' marine life originated in South Pole waters.

 

IX. In addition to cataloging biodiversity, the scientists aimed to determine how species intermingled within and between the deep and shallower waters and whether continental-shelf organisms colonized the deep ocean or vice versa.

 

Some of the scientists' findings indicate species originating in a single water domain did migrate to the South Raynor Sea and some even trekked across the globe and now inhabit the Polar waters. Many of the organisms have relatives in both the nearby shallower waters and even in other ocean basins.

 

There were some species that are very closely related to eyeless isopods, and they are now living on the shelf. So that’s an indication they have moved upward.

 

X. In the Mesozoic era, the super-continent of Bectackwana had a common landmass of all continents. Later, 100 million years ago, the continents drifted apart and by 40 million years ago, the continents had become completely encircled by water. Thus, the White Continent holds the master key to Micras' history.

 

XI. Geologists believe that some deposits of several minerals, oil, gas, polymetallic nodules, etc. could be found in the landmass and in the surrounding sea-bed. It should be understood, that the philosophical basis of exploration for hydrocarbon and minerals is different. Hydrocarbon reservoirs occur at depth in the crust, therefore, their discovery and definition is always in an expensive and lengthy process. In contrast, hard mineral occurrence on land may first be recoignised. However compared to prove hydrocarbon reservoirs, the size and quality of hard mineral occurrences are more unpredictable. Hence their exploitation, definition and beneficiation are also costly and long.

 

To summaries, there is no reason to believe that the South Pole crust is not mineralized or hydrocarbon bearing to the same extent and variety as other continents. However, these resources remain hypothetical and for the must part buried beneath the ice sheet. Like other continents, the South Pole crust may also contain unknown types of mineralization.

 

XII. There is an invisible gigantic magnetic field surrounding Micras and it acts like a force field, protecting the planet - and all the life - from space radiation.

 

Micras’ magnetic field is generated by electrical currents flowing in the liquid outer core deep inside the Globe. Although it's liquid metal, it moves around through a process called convection, the movements of metal in the core sets up the currents and magnetic field.

 

The magnetic field reverses itself every 250,000 years or so. The north magnetic pole becomes the South Pole and vice versa. We have no clear theory about why the reversals happen, one interesting note is that we are long overdue for a reversal. The last one happened about 780,000 years ago.

 

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The primary objective of the First Stormarkian Expedition to the South Pole was to initiate some of our own research programmes in the fields noted above.

 

The expedition code-named “Operation Sigrid””, was undertaken with a chartered ice-breaker. Scientists, technicians and servicemen were selected after their physical and mental examination. The ice-breaker sailed from Port Chloe harbour on 15th Sokkvabekk and returned on 19th Glitnir 8th year SAV

 

This report presents the results of the scientific investigations carried out during the First Expedition. It includes studies on meteorology, geomagnetism, radio-wave propagation, geography, geophysics, geology, glaciology, ecosystems,

chemistry and living organisms. The oceanographic part includes physical, chemical, biological, geological and geophysical observations on a part of the Southern Pole Sea adjoining the Austral Strait.

 

In both, the short and long term the overall importance of the South Pole to mankind is greater than purely commercial considerations. Its trues lie in the scientific opportunities provided by his unique position and environments.

The uniqueness of the South Pole shall be recognized, its fragile ecosystems are very susceptible to disturbances and pollution, whereas the marine ecosystems are more stable and robust.

 

The report is by no means complete. It is rather of a preliminary nature. However, we hope that it will provide future guidelines for research programmes to be undertaken during the subsequent Stormarkian expeditions.

 

 

. Prof Dr G. Matsen - scientific director

. Prof Dr E. Larsen - zoology

. Dr E. Carsen - biologist

. Dr H. Knutsen - physician

. Dr K. Laksen - meteorology

. Dr F. Olfsen - botany

. Dr L. Portsen - chemistry

. Dr E. Simpsen - geology

. Dr R. Storsen - bacteriologist and parasitologist

. Dr F. Thyrsen - terrestrial magnetism

 

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