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High King Harald

Act on Police Activities of Year 8

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Law of Stormark

Act of the Althing


To all Our Well-Beloved Royals, Nobles and Knights, and all Our other Well-Beloved Citizens whatsoever to whom these Presents shall come, Greetings:

LET IT BE KNOWN that We, Harald Thorstein I the Generous Giver, The Eternal Sovereign Viking Emperor, Perpetual Protector of the People of Stormark, Perpetual Defender of the Viking Nation, Eternal Guardian of the Lakes of Hurmu, Paramount Chieftain of the Ancient Tribes of Hurmu, Most Noble Sovereign of the Lands of Stormark, Supreme Lord of the Lands of the Crown of Saint Harald, Supreme Lord of the Lands of the Longships Throne, Sovereign Lord of Kejsarinna Asa Land, Sovereign Lord of Lontinnin, Sovereign Lord of Vinland, Senator of the Lakes, King of Anglethyr, King of Bondegard, King of the Islands of the Ancient Ways, King of Marthunia, King of Merlaide, King of the Mysterious Isles, King of Thydtwinnster, Living Saint of the Most Holy Nidarosian Church, Solver of the Ancient Enigma, Keeper of the Freyja Treasure, Protector of Love and Liberty, Keeper of the Most Sacred Instruments, Lord of the Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of the Imperial Colonies, Hero of the Old Tale, Freyjagothi to the Temple of Love, Imperial Prince of Thule, Imperial Prince of Inis Fer Falga, Prince of Antioch, Prince of Arietta, Prince of Lichtenbad, Prince of Malisko, Duke of Frøyalan, Duke of Normandie, Duke of Pond Isle, Duke of Port Chloe, Marquis of Beaulieu, Marquis Thorstein, Earl of An Chláir, Earl of Carrick, Earl of Fife, Earl of the Trondelag, Count of La Marche, Count of Poitou, Count of Quercy, Count of Wintergleam, Baron of Einmar, Baron of Nordland, Baronet of Holmborg, Baronet of Robland, Lord of the Longships Islands and Lord of the Isles, have looked with favour upon the decision of the Althing of that Day of the Lord Tyr known to Us, Our Well-Beloved Royals, Nobles and Knights, and all Our other Well-Beloved Citizens whatsoever as the Twenty Seventh Day of the Month Noatun in the Eighth Year of the Second Viking Age in the Second Epoch of Our Most Sovereign and Noble Viking Empire that the Law Speaker of the said Althing has most graciously laid before Us:

AN ACT TO MAKE FRESH PROVISIONS CONCERNING POLICE ACTIVITIES IN THIS MOST SOVEREIGN AND NOBLE VIKING EMPIRE.

Article 1: Aims of Police Activities

Police activities shall be one aspect of community involvement in the promotion of justice and security in society and shall be aimed at maintaining public order and safety, as well as providing protection and assistance for the public.

Article 2: Duties of the Police

It shall be the duty of the police to:

(a) prevent crime and other disturbances of public order or safety;

(B) maintain public order and safety, prevent disturbances of the same and take action when such disturbances occur;

(c ) carry out investigations and surveillance in connection with indictable offences;

(d) provide the public with protection, information and other kinds of assistance, whenever such assistance is best given by the police; and

(e) to perform such duties as are incumbent on the police pursuant to special regulations laid down by Statute or Order in Council.

Article 3: Co-Operation with Other Authorities and Organizations

(1) The police shall co-operate with the public prosecution authorities as well as with other authorities and organisations whose activities concern the work of the
police.

(2) Other authorities shall support the police in their work.

Article 4: Police Districts

(1) Each Administrative Subdivision shall constitute a police district. In each police district there shall be a police authority, designated by the Emperor in the Council of State, responsible for police work in the district.

(2) The Emperor in the Council of State or an authority appointed by the Emperor in the Council of State shall decide whether a police authority is to perform police duties outside its district.

Article 5: Police Officers

(1) Police officers are employees of this Most Sovereign and Noble Viking Empire attached to a police authority unless the Emperor in the Council of State decides otherwise. The Emperor in the Council of State shall decide to whom the term 'police officer' shall be applied to.

(2) It shall be incumbent upon every police officer:

(a) to respect the rights of all persons;

(B) to maintain the integrity of the law, law enforcement and the administration of justice;

(c ) to perform his or her duties promptly, impartially and diligently, in accordance with the law and without abusing the member's authority;

(d) to avoid any actual, apparent or potential conflict of interests;

(e) to ensure that any improper or unlawful conduct of any police officer is not concealed or permitted to continue;

(f) to be incorruptible, never accepting or seeking special privilege in the performance of his or her duties or otherwise placing himself or herself under any obligation that may prejudice the proper performance of his or her duties;

(g) to act at all times in a courteous, respectful and honourable manner; and

(h) to maintain the honour of the police and its principles and purposes.

Article 6: Police Board

(1) A police authority shall be headed by a police board made up of a police commissioner and by that number of other members that may be determined by the Emperor in the Council of State.

(2) The members of a police board shall be appointed by the Emperor in the Council of State.

Article 7: General Principles of Police Intervention

A police officer exercising an official duty shall, with due observance of the provisions of the High Laws and Statutes of this Most Sovereign and Noble Viking Empire as well of Imperial Instruments, intervene in a way that is justifiable in view of the object of the intervention and other circumstances. If (s)he has to use force, the form and level of force used shall be limited to that required to achieve the intended result.

Article 8: Obligation to Report Offenses

(1) Where a police officer learns of an indictable offence, (s)he shall inform a senior officer thereof as soon as practicable.

(2) A police officer may refrain from reporting an offence if, in view of the circumstances in the specific case, it is of a petty nature and it is obvious that no other sanction than a fine would be imposed on the offender should (s)he be charged with it.

Article 9: Use of Force

A police officer may, if other means are inadequate and if it is justifiable in view of the circumstances, use force to carry out an official duty, if

(a) (s)he encounters force or threat of force;

(B) a person who is to be detained pending trial or investigation or who is otherwise, with statutory support, to be deprived of liberty, attempts to escape or the officer otherwise encounters resistance when he is to effect such a measure;

(c ) it is a question of averting a punishable act or a threat to life, health or valuable property or a risk of extensive damage to the environment;

(d) (s)he, with statutory support, is to turn away or remove a person from an area or premises or conduct or assist in the search of a person, a bodily examination or
some other similar measure, a seizure or some other impoundment of property or a search of premises;

(e) (s)he, with statutory support, is to stop a vehicle or some other means of transport;

(f) (s)he otherwise with statutory support is to gain entry to, cordon off, shut off or evacuate a building, a room or an area, assist someone who is performing an official duty with such a measure or some similar measure, or in connection with a foreclosure in accordance with what is prescribed thereof; or

(g) if the measure otherwise is indispensable for the maintenance of public order and safety and it is evident that it cannot be implemented without the use of force.

Article 10: Temporary Custody, Removal, etc.

If a police authority is empowered by some special provision to decide that someone be taken into custody, a police officer may take that person into custody
pending a decision by the police authority, if (s)he finds that:

(a) the prescribed conditions for a decision to take the person into custody are satisfied; and

(B) that delay in effecting the measure will entail a threat to life or health or some other threat.

Article 11: Minors in Dangerous Circumstances

In the event that someone who appears to be under thirteen years of age is found in circumstances which obviously constitute an imminent and serious threat to his or her health or development, (s)he may be taken into custody by a police officer with a view to being promptly delivered to his parents or to some other guardian or to the social welfare board by or through the agency of the officer who took him or her in charge.

Article 12: Persons Who Disturb Public Order

(1) In the event that a person by his conduct disturbs public order or poses an immediate threat to the same, a police officer may, if this is necessary to maintain public order, turn away or remove that person from a certain area or certain premises. The same applies if such a measure is required for the aversion of a punishable act.

(2) In event that a measure referred to in the first paragraph proves inadequate for achieving the intended result, the person may be taken into temporary custody.

(3) In the event that a person attempts to gain entry to an area or premises to which access has been prohibited under this Act or some other Statute, a police officer may turn away or remove him from the area or premises if this is necessary to maintain public order or safety.

(4) The aforegoning subarticle also applies to someone who refuses to leave such an area or premises, or to someone who does not abide by an order to follow a directed route issued under this Act.

Article 13: Powers Relating to Certain Unknown Persons

In the event that an unknown person is found by a police officer and there is special reason to believe that he is sought by the police or the subject of a wanted notice to be lawfully deprived of liberty when found, he may be taken into custody for identification if he refuses to give his identity or if there is reason to doubt the truth of the identity he has provided.

Article 14: Continuation of Custody

(1) A person taken into custody under this Act shall be informed about the grounds therefore as soon as practicable. The police officer who effected the measure shall report it to a senior officer at the earliest opportunity. The latter shall, if the person is still in custody, immediately consider whether the decision is
to remain effective.

(2) Where the senior officer decides that someone taken into custody under Article 10 is to be detained further, or where the measure was taken under Article 11, (s) he shall promptly notify the police authority about the measure and the grounds on which it was effected. As soon as practicable after a person has been taken into custody under Article 10, the police authority shall make a decision in accordance with what is prescribed thereto.

Article 15: Release of Persons Taken into Custody

(1) A person who has been taken into custody under Article 10 or 12 (2) shall be interviewed as soon as practicable.

(2) In the event that the measure was effected under Article 12 (2) the person shall be released as soon as practicable after the interview. A person who is under thirteen years of age may, however, be detained with a view to his being promptly delivered by the police to his or her parents, some other custodian, an official of the local social services department or some other appropriate adult.

(3) No person may be detained for more than six hours.

(4) If it is thought that the person taken into custody is in need of help or support from society, the police shall assist him with advice and information and, if suitable, confer with some other body responsible for providing for such needs.

(5) Where a person has been taken into custody under Article 13, his or her identity shall be established as soon as practicable. Anyone taken into custody shall be released as soon as he has been identified. Such a person shall not, however, be detained for more than six hours or, if it is particularly important that he be identified, for more than twelve hours.

Article 16: Treatment of Persons Taken into Custody

(1) When a person is to be taken into custody under this Act, it must not cause him greater inconvenience than necessary in view of the purpose of the measure, nor attract unnecessary attention.

(2) A person taken into custody shall not be subjected to any other infringement of his liberty beyond that required by the purpose of the measure or to maintain order or safety. A person taken into custody may be placed in a police cell if this is necessary to maintain order or safety. This does not, however, apply to someone who is under the age of thirteen.

Article 17: Searching of Persons

(1) A police officer who with statutory support arrests or otherwise takes into custody or removes a person, may in connection therewith search that person to the extent required to seize weapons or other dangerous articles for safety
reasons, or to establish the said person’s identity.

(2) A police officer may also search a person to the extent required to look for weapons or other dangerous articles that might be used in the commission of an
offence against life and health, provided that, in view of the circumstances, it can be assumed that such an article may be declared forfeited.

Article 18: Powers of Search Relating to Dwellings, Vehicles, etc

(1) A police officer, with a view to looking for a person who is to be taken into custody with statutory support, may enter that person's dwelling or some other house, room or place belonging to or utilised by him. The same applies to premises to which the public has access.

(2) In the event that there is special reason to assume that the person sought by the police is staying with someone else, the police officer may also enter that place. Similarly, a police officer may gain entry to a dwelling or some other place with a view to looking for an article which is to be seized by the police under an Act or some other ordinance; what is said above about a person sought by the police then applies to the owner or holder of the article.

(3) A police officer may search a vehicle at a specified place for the purpose of ascertaining whether it is carrying someone who has escaped from a correctional
facility, provided that there is reason to assume that the escaped person poses a serious threat to another's life or health or to the safety of this Most Sovereign and Noble Viking Empire, and provided that there is special reason to believe that
he may pass that place.

(4) The power mentioned in the aforegoing subarticle shall also be vested in a police officer looking for someone who is undergoing compulsory psychiatric care or has been referred to forensic psychiatric care and has escaped from a medical institution, if, in view of the circumstances, there is special reason to believe that the escaped person poses a serious threat to another's life or health or to the safety of this Most Sovereign and Noble Viking Empire.

(5) A measure mentioned in the aforegoing subarticles may be effected without a previous decision by the police authority only if there is danger in delay.

Article 19: Power to Stop Vehicles, etc

A police officer may stop a vehicle or some other means of transport:

(a) in the event that there is reason to believe that it is carrying someone who has committed an offence;

(B) in the event that, for some other reason, it is necessary to lawfully deprive someone travelling in the vehicle of his liberty, otherwise limiting his freedom of movement or subjecting him to a search or bodily examination;

(c ) if this is necessary to perform a search of the vehicle; or

(d) if this is necessary to control traffic or to perform a check of the driver or the vehicle in accordance with what is prescribed thereto by law.

Article 20: Powers Relating to Protective Police Duties

(1) In the event that there is special reason to assume that an offence involving a serious threat to life or health or a serious risk of extensive damage to property will be committed in a certain place, a police officer may, with a view to averting the offence or providing protection against the same:

(a) gain entry to a house, a room or some other place to look for explosives, weapons or other dangerous articles;

(B) close off, evacuate or prohibit access to a house, a room or some other place, prohibit the removal of a certain object or the use of a means of transport or take
some other similar measure.

(2) In the event that there is a serious risk that an offence referred to in subarticle 1 will be committed, a police officer may also search persons who are present at that place with a view to searching for dangerous articles provided always that a measure referred to in this Article may be effected without a previous decision by the police authority only if there is danger in delay.

Article 21: Power to Prohibit Access to a Certain Area or Premises

(1) In connection with a serious disturbance of public order or safety, a police authority may prohibit access to a certain area or premises if this is necessary to
maintain public order or safety. The same shall apply when there is a risk of such a disturbance.

(2) On the same conditions as those stated in the preceding subarticle, a police authority may also direct members of a crowd to follow a particular route provided always that in urgent situations where a decision by the police authority cannot be awaited, a police officer, pending such a decision, may issue a ban or direction of the kind mentioned in this and the preceding subarticle.

Article 22: Power to Make Rules and Regulations

(1) Subject to this Act, the Emperor in the Council of State may make all the rules and regulations He may deem necessary or expedient:

(a) concerning the appointment and discharge of police officers;

(B) concerning the organization, training, conduct, performance of duties, discipline, efficiency, administration or good government of the police; and

(c ) to establish the pay and allowances of police officers and regulating and all matters concerning the same including but not limited to suspensions and stoppage of such pay and allowances.

(d) to carry the purposes and provisions of this Act into effect.

Article 23: Sunset Provisions

Unless renewed by the Althing or granted an extension by the Emperor this Act shall cease to operate ten years after it has received the Imperial Assent.

Article 24: Short and Commencement

This Act may be cited as the Act on Police Activities of Year 8 and shall come into operation immediatly after it has received the Imperial Assent.

In consequence whereof We have assented to and confirmed, as We hereby do assent to and do confirm the same as Law under Our Hand and the Great Seal of Our Most Sovereign and Noble Viking Empire.


So be it!!

Given at Our Hall in Haraldsborg, in Our Thanedom of Gulathing, on this Day of the Lord Tyr, the Twenty Seventh Day of the Month Noatun in the Eighth Year of the Second Viking Age in the Second Epoch of Our Most Sovereign and Noble Viking Empire.


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Harald Torsten I den Givmilde, genom Vikingalagarnas Nåd Enväldig Vikingakejsare av Vikingakejsardömet Stormark, och genom andra Höga Lagars Nåd Kung av Sina andra Riken och Kolonier.

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