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Vilhjálm Kormak

[Bill] Convention of the Laws of the Seas (Accession) Bill

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:singer:

Though I have walked through out the world around,
And seen the sun and rain Upon the foreign ground;
Back home I sail, to see the Viking shore,
The Stormark that I love, the land of tale and lore.
 
Across the sea, whatever foes may be,
Stormark will always be, my home eternally.
 
My sword has clashed, steel biting hardened steel,
My comrades side by side, no coward thoughts we feel;
But once back home, with peoples warm and pure,
My sov'reigns strength is all, I need to be secure.
 
Across the sea, whatever foes may be,
Stormark will always be, my home eternally.
 
In Stormarks halls, amongst my friends and kin,
Is where I long to stay, for it is good within;
And so I rest, but ready for the call,
Yes happy in my home, for Stormark will not fall!

 

In the name of the HIGH KING'S IMPERIAL AND ROYAL MAJESTY, from whom all constitutional and sovereign power emenates or through whom is exercised, I, Vilhjalm Kormark of Bjarngeir, High Justiciar of the Realm, Right Hand of the High King, High King's Navigator and First Mate of the Longship of State, First among Equals, Guardian of the Hall of Freyr Jarl of Borgarrike, submit to the Althing's consideration, the bill to accede to and incorporate as law of the High Realm the Convention of the Micras Treaty Organization on the Laws of the Seas.

 

Lady Law Speaker, Esteemed Jarls

The Convention on the Laws of the Seas is a hallmark of international law in Micras, and it is in the interests of the High Council and of Stormark to accede to the convention. The current parties to the Convention are our close allies and friends, Alexandria, Natopia and Shireroth. To further our relations with these empires, it will be beneficial for us to accede to the Convention.

The reasons to why Stormark has not yet acceded to the Convention have centred around the incompatibility between Storish law and the Convention. For example, Storish law defines internal waters as 12 nautical miles [22.224 km] from the coastal baseline, compared to the MTOCLOS definition of 24 km [12.9589633 nautical miles]. The EEZ, or as called in the MTOCLOS, "reserve zone", is defined as 200 nautical miles [370.4 km] in Storish law and 360 km [194.384449 nautical miles] in the convention. So if we ratify the convention, we would lose exclusive use of waters corresponding to roughly 12 km from the baseline – however, Storish sovereignty would have been extended by almost 2 km. I believe that it would therefore be constitutional to ratify the MTO CLOS, provided that we amend the Jurisdictions Act of Year 10 accordingly.

The Convention is proof of the usefulness of the MTO. Although its halls are silent now, this sort of agreement is essential to international order. Stormark's Tapferite coastline and reserve zone have already been "pinned" to the Convention standard in the Tapfer Treaty. There are several zones on Micras where it would be beneficial for the High Realm to 'finalize' its aquatic claims with Alexandria, Natopia, and Shireroth using the neutral standards of Convention: Jorvik-Norsmandy; Frigga Island-Cibola; Elijah's Rest-Storesund; Rose Cape in the Captive Sea; the Clear Sea; Lyrica-Jaris; Vinland; and Gascony. In other areas, where our neighbors are not friendly, we would have an air-tight, internationally recognized and standardized claim. I am thinking in particular of any possible disputes between Solareyar-Jingdao (Sankt Simon); the Longships Islands-Palliscan Port Felix; Halogarike-Milancha.

(with thanks to the Metrobosarch of Lyrica for some information in the memorandum of explanation).

 

A bill

AN ACT TO ACCEDE TO AND INCORPORATE AS LAW OF THE HIGH REALM THE CONVENTION OF THE MICRAS TREATY ORGANIZATION ON THE LAWS OF THE SEAS.

 

Section 1: Ratification and incorporation
The High Realm accedes to, and incorporates as law, the Convention of the Micras Treaty Organization on the Laws of the Seas, hereinafter the Convention, (as inscribed in the Schedule to this Act).

Section 2: Convention matters
The representative of the High Realm shall not, in any conference of the state parties to the Convention, vote in favour of any amendment to the Convention without securing the support of the Althing to do so.

Section 3: Amendments to legislation
The following amendments are made to Section I of the Jurisdictions Act of Year 10:

(1) In §1, substitute “twelve nautical miles” with “twenty-four kilometres”.

(2) In §4, substitute “two hunderd nautical miles” with “three hundred sixty kilometres”.


Section 4: Final provisions

(1) This Act, which may be cited as the Convention of the Law of the Seas (Accession) Act of Year 16, enters force immediately upon Imperial Assent.

(2) The Convention shall, however, not be enforceable in Stormark until such time that the Micras Treaty Organization has given notice of its receipt of Stormark’s accession to the Convention.


Schedule

Convention on the Laws of the Seas

1. Any nation that has signed the General Membership Treaty may sign this Convention.
2. The territory of a state extends 24 kilometers from the baseline coast of that state. This water is considered territorial water and subject to the full jurisdiction of the state. All matters of customs, taxation, and immigration operate as if wholly within the state.
3. The reserve zone of a state extends 360 kilometers from the baseline coast of that state. The economic and environmental resources within this zone belong fully to that state.
4. In special situations where the territorial waters or the reserve zone of two states would overlap, the line of separation will be drawn along the midpoint between the baseline of each state.
5. The baseline coast of state will be determined accordingly:
5.1. In localities where the coastline is deeply indented and cut into, or if there is a fringe of islands along the coast in its immediate vicinity, the method of straight baselines joining appropriate points may be employed in drawing the baseline from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured.
5.2. Where because of the presence of a delta and other natural conditions the coastline is highly unstable, the appropriate points may be selected along the furthest seaward extent of the low-water line and, notwithstanding subsequent regression of the low-water line, the straight baselines shall remain effective until changed by the coastal State in accordance with this Convention.
5.3. The drawing of straight baselines must not depart to any appreciable extent from the general direction of the coast, and the sea areas lying within the lines must be sufficiently closely linked to the land domain to be subject to the regime of internal waters.
5.4. Straight baselines shall not be drawn to and from low-tide elevations,unless lighthouses or similar installations which are permanently above sea level have been built on them or except in instances where the drawing of baselines to and from such elevations has received general international recognition.
5.5. Where the method of straight baselines is applicable under paragraph 4.1, account may be taken, in determining particular baselines, of economic interests peculiar to the region concerned, the reality and the importance of which are clearly evidenced by long usage.
5.6. The system of straight baselines may not be applied by a State in such a manner as to cut off the territorial sea of another State entirely from the high seas or a reserve zone.
6. Innocent Passage is permitted through territorial waters so long as it is not prejudicial to the peace, good order or security of the coastal State. Such passage shall take place in conformity with this Convention and with other rules of international law.
6.1. Passage of a foreign ship shall be considered to be prejudicial to the peace, good order or security of the coastal State if in the territorial sea it engages in any of the following activities:
6.2. any threat or use of force against the sovereignty, territorial integrity or political independence of the coastal State;
6.3. any exercise or practice with weapons of any kind;
6.4. any act aimed at collecting information to the prejudice of the defence or security of the coastal State;
6.5. any act of propaganda aimed at affecting the defence or security of the coastal State;
6.6. the launching, landing or taking on board of any aircraft;
6.7. the launching, landing or taking on board of any military device;
6.8. the loading or unloading of any commodity, currency or person contrary to the customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws and regulations of the coastal State;
6.9. any act of willful and serious pollution contrary to this Convention;
6.10. any fishing activities;
6.11. the carrying out of research or survey activities;
6.12. any act aimed at interfering with any systems of communication or any other facilities or installations of the coastal State;
6.13. any other activity not having a direct bearing on passage.
7. Transit passage is permitted through the reserve zone solely for the purpose of continuous and expeditious travel between one part of the international waters or reserve zone and another.
8. This treaty recognizes the following bodies of water as International Waters: Great Western Sea, Halberd Strait, Shire Sea, Central Sea, Gaeos Strait, Raynor Sea, Northern Sea, Strait of Pearls, O'Rear Strait, Dyre Straits, Captive Sea, Orange Sea, Sea of Storms, Austral Strait, Eastern Ocean, Pond Strait, Normark-Lindley Passage, New Brannum Strait, Inner Cibolan Sea, and all other open ocean that is beyond the reserve zone of every nation represented on the Micronational Cartography Society's map.
8.1. Any portion of International Waters that would otherwise be defined as the territorial water of a State is excluded from the definition of International Waters.
9. Acts of piracy, boarding with hostile intent, purposeful harm to a person, and purposeful obstruction of transit in International Waters are to be considered intolerable and go against the order and law of the high seas.
10. This convention may be amended by 3/4 majority of signatory nations.

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Lady Law Speaker, Honourable Jarls,

Allow me to pray to the Supreme Goodness in the ways of my ancestors. Feel free to join me in this evocation.

 

Supreme Goodness! By the holy waters of the Lakes, through the wonders of our world, may you spread by holy rain across the planet, purify the world, purify our hearts to that our environment and our souls may be open for your wisdom, and that whatever decision this Althing may take today, may it be so that it will reflect the supreme goodness of your holy water. We are Hurmu.

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Honourable Jarls,

In the name of the Three Ladies Divine, Frigga, Freyja and Idunn, Fulltrui and Sacred Queens of the Good Lands of Valtia Reborn, from Whom all Authority in the Lands of the Longships Throne is derived, all of me, Lady Aoife the Celt of the House of the Descendants of Freyja, Krónjarla of Stormark, Imperial Chieftainess of the Sólareyjar, Bloodroyal and Ærkejarla of the Sólareyjar, Law Speaker of the Althing, grants the Borgarjarl leave to submit this Bill of his' to all of you here in this present Althing assembled.
 
Discussion and debate on this Bill will be open for a period of one week.

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Lady Law Speaker, Honourable Jarls,

The High King and Gulajarl also seconds the move for Unanimous Consent.

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Honourable Jarls, 

In the name of the Three Ladies Divine, Frigga, Freyja and Idunn, Fulltrui and Sacred Queens of the Good Lands of Valtia Reborn, from Whom all Authority in the Lands of the Longships Throne is derived, all of me has noted that the motion for Unanimous Consent has been seconded. All of me is in agreement with the evocation of Unanimous Consent and this Bill will pass in 36 hours unless one of you who belongs to the body of the Most Honourable Jarls in the Althing assembled shall express zir objection against the Bill aforesaid by casting zir vote against it during the aforesaid allotted voting time.

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Honourable Jarls,

In the name of the Three Ladies Divine, Frigga, Freyja and Idunn, Fulltrui and Sacred Queens of the Good Lands of Valtia Reborn, from Whom all Authority in the Lands of the Longships Throne is derived, all of me has noted that none of you has casted zir vote against the Bill and therefore it is hereby pronounced passed by the the Most Honourable Jarls in this present Althing assembled. All of me does hereby submit this Bill to the High King for the Imperial Assent.

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Lady Law Speaker,

We do hereby inform you that We have granted Our Imperial Assent to the Convention of the Law of the Seas (Accession) Bill and the said Bill has therefore become Law as the Convention of the Law of the Seas (Accession) Act of Year 16.

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